Air Force Enlisted Job Descriptions (1W0X1 Weather)

Tech. Sgt. Omar Nurse uses a kestrel meter to check if current weather conditions match the main weather sensor data at Forward Operating Base Shank, Afghanistan, Oct. 7, 2012. The 19th Expeditionary Weather Squadron provides Army ground commanders with accurate and real-time weather conditions and offers alternative options to help commanders make informed decisions on combat operations. Nurse is a battlefield weather forecaster with the 19th EWS. A kestrel is a hand held wind and weather meter capable of monitoring and reporting an exhaustive list of environmental parameters.
••• U.S. Air Force / Staff Sgt. Jonathan Snyder

Specialty Summary. Performs and manages the collection, analysis, and forecast of atmospheric and space weather conditions, and the tailoring and communication of weather information. Related DoD Occupational Subgroup: 420.

Duties and Responsibilities

Observes, records, and disseminates weather data and information. Uses fixed and deployable meteorological sensors to measure and evaluate atmospheric and space weather conditions.

Uses satellite and radar imagery, computer generated graphics, and weather communication equipment and instruments to analyze atmospheric and space data and information.

Forecasts atmospheric and space weather conditions. Issues warnings and advisories to alert users to mission-critical weather. Exploits weather analysis and data to enhance combat operations and training.

Tailors and communicates weather information to meet operational requirements.

Manages weather operations. Adapts weather resources to meet mission requirements. Ensures standardization and quality weather products, operations, and activities.

Specialty Qualifications

Knowledge. Knowledge is mandatory of combat weather skills; characteristics and principles of atmospheric and space weather; observation, analysis, prediction, and dissemination of weather information; operation of fixed and deployable meteorological or space weather systems; weather communications systems; use of weather products; and operator maintenance of weather equipment and instruments.

Education. For entry into this specialty, completion of high school with courses in physics, chemistry, earth sciences, geography, computer sciences, and mathematics is desirable.

Training. Completion of the following training is mandatory as indicated:

For the award of AFSC 1W031, completion of a basic weather course.

For the award of suffix A at the 3- or 5-skill level, completion of an advanced weather course.

Experience. The following experience is mandatory for award of the AFSC indicated: (Note: See Explanation of Air Force Specialty Codes).

1W051. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W031. Also, experience performing functions such as observing, analyzing, and disseminating atmospheric or space weather data and information; or performing meteorological watch.

1W051A. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W031A. Also, experience performing functions such as observing, forecasting, analyzing, and disseminating atmospheric or space weather data and information; or performing meteorological watch.

1W071A. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W051A. Also, experience performing functions such as forecasting or supervising space or atmospheric weather operations.

1W091. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W071A. Also, experience performing functions such as directing or managing atmospheric or space weather operations.

Other. The following are mandatory as indicated:

For entry into this specialty:

1. Normal color vision as defined in AFI 48-123, Medical Examination and Standards .

2. Ability to speak distinctly.

For entry, award, and retention of these AFSCs:

Visual acuity correctable to 20/20.

Eligibility for a Secret security clearance, according to AFI 31-501, Personnel Security Management Program, is mandatory.

Specialty Shredouts

Suffix Portion of AFS to Which Related

A Forecaster

Note: Suffix A is applicable only to the 3-, 5-, and 7-skill levels. The 7-skill level AFSC is not authorized for use without suffix A.

Strength Req : H

Citizenship: Yes

Required Appitude Score : G-64 and E-50 (Changes to G-66 and E-50, effective 1 Jul 04).

Technical Training:

Course #: J3ABR1T131 003

Length: Approximately 8 months.

Location : K

Note: Assignments for new weather troops are done a little differently than for most Air Force Jobs. Weather troops who graduate from the 8-month technical school at Keesler AFB, MS are assigned to one of eight major Air Force Weather "Hubs" (which are major regional weather forecasting stations) to undergo intensive on-the-job training for a period of 15 to 24 months. For Example, Barksdale AFB, LA, forecasts for the South Central United States, as well as the Atlantic Ocean. Shaw AFB in SC does Southeast US and the Middle East.

The eight Air Force Weather "Hub" bases are Barksdale AFB, LA, Shaw AFB, SC, Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ, Scott AFB, IL, Sembach AB, Germany, Yakota AB, Japan, Hickam AFB, HI, and Elmendorff AFB, AK.

Following this OJT, they return to Keesler to attend the 3-month Weather Observer course and are usually then reassigned to an Air Force Weather Squadron or detachment (see possible assignment locations, below).

Also see Air Force Combat Weather, which is a special duty assignment available to personnel who hold this AFSC.

Possible Assignment Locations