2019 / 2020 Federal and State Minimum Wage Rates

Image shows a map of the U.S. and each of their individual minimum wages. Title reads:

The Balance 2019

What is the minimum wage for 2020? The minimum wage rate is the lowest hourly pay that can be awarded to workers, also known as a pay floor. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) determines the minimum wage for employees in private and public sectors, in both Federal and State governments. Under the FLSA, non-exempt employees must be paid the minimum wage or higher. The following information includes current state and federal minimum wage rates, exceptions, and scheduled increases.

Federal Minimum Wage

The current federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour and has not increased since July 2009. However, some states, cities, and counties have a higher minimum wage rate. When the state, city or county minimum wage rate is higher than the federal rate, employers are required to pay workers the higher amount. 

 Minimum Wage for Federal Contract Workers

The Department of Labor published a notice in the Federal Register to announce that, beginning January 1, 2020, the Executive Order 13658 minimum wage rate, which generally must be paid to workers performing work on or in connection with covered federal contracts, will be increased to $10.80 per hour. Additionally, beginning January 1, 2020, tipped employees performing work on or in connection with covered federal contracts generally must be paid a minimum cash wage of $7.55 per hour.

Exemptions from Minimum Wage

Some employees are exempt from minimum wage requirements, such as those who are not protected by the Fair Labor Standards Act, tipped employees such as restaurant servers, for example, can be paid at a lower rate than minimum wage.

State Minimum Wage Rates

Data from the Economic Policy Institute indicates that 29 states and D.C. have a minimum wage higher than the federal minimum wage including Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, Washington D.C., and West Virginia. 

Minimum Wage Rates for 2020 Listed by State

The following is a list of minimum wage rates for each state for 2020. The data is based on information provided by the Economic Policy Institute, the National Conference of State Legislatures, and the Labor Law Center.

  • Alabama: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Alaska: $10.19
  • Arizona: $12.00
  • Arkansas: $10.00
  • California: $13.00 (employers with 25 or fewer employees, have one year to comply)
  • Colorado: $12.00
  • Connecticut: $11.00 ($12.00 September 2020)
  • Delaware: $9.25
  • District of Columbia: $15.00
  • Florida: $8.56
  • Georgia:$7.25 ($5.15 if not covered by federal regulations)
  • Guam: $8.75 (March 2020)
  • Hawaii: $10.10 
  • Idaho: $7.25
  • Illinois: $9.25 
  • Indiana: $7.25
  • Iowa: $7.25 
  • Kansas: $7.25
  • Kentucky: $7.25
  • Louisiana: $7.25 
  • Maine: $12.00 
  • Maryland: $11.00 
  • Massachusetts: $12.75
  • Michigan: $9.65
  • Minnesota: $10.00, ($8.15 small employers with less than 500k in annual sales)
  • Mississippi: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Missouri: $9.45
  • Montana: $8.65 ($4.00 for businesses with gross annual sales of $110,000 or less)
  • Nebraska: $9.00
  • Nevada: $9.00 (July 2020) 
  • New Hampshire: $7.25 
  • New Jersey: $11.00
  • New Mexico: $9.00
  • New York: $11.80
  • North Carolina: $7.25 
  • North Dakota: $7.25
  • Ohio: $8.70
  • Oklahoma: $7.25
  • Oregon: $12.00 (July 2020)
  • Pennsylvania: $7.25
  • Puerto Rico: $6.55 ($7.25 Employers covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA))
  • Rhode Island: $10.50 
  • South Carolina: $7.25 
  • South Dakota: $9.30
  • Tennessee: $7.25 
  • Texas: $7.25
  • Utah: $7.25
  • Vermont:$10.96
  • U.S. Virgin Islands: $10.50
  • Virginia: $7.25
  • Washington: $13.50
  • West Virginia: $8.75
  • Wisconsin: $7.25
  • Wyoming: $7.25

Some city/county/state government employers, and companies have higher minimum wage rates than the state minimum. In some states, a separate minimum wage has been set for small employers, and there may be other exceptions to the standard rate.

Cities and Counties with Higher Minimum Wages

According to the Economic Policy Institute, 44 localities have adopted minimum wages above their state minimum wage:

Alameda, California; Albuquerque, New Mexico; Belmont, California; Berkeley, California; Bernalillo County, New Mexico; Birmingham, Alabama; Chicago, Illinois; Cook County, Illinois; Cupertino, California; El Cerrito, California; Emeryville, California; Flagstaff, Arizona; Fremont, California; Las Cruces, New Mexico; Los Altos, California; Los Angeles County, California; Los Angeles, California; Malibu, California; Milpitas, California; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Montgomery County, Maryland; Mountain View, California; Nassau, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties, New York; New York City, New York; Oakland, California; Palo Alto, California; Pasadena, California; Portland Urban Growth Boundary, Oregon; Portland, Maine; Prince George’s County, Maryland; Redwood City, California; Richmond, California; San Francisco, California; San Jose, California; San Leandro, California; San Mateo, California; Santa Clara, California; Santa Fe City, New Mexico; Santa Fe County, New Mexico; Santa Monica, California; SeaTac, Washington; Seattle, Washington; Sunnyvale, California; and Tacoma, Washington

Companies with Higher Minimum Wages

Some companies have decided to set a minimum wage for their employees that is at a higher level than the federal and state ratesGlassdoor highlighted the following example of 10 companies with higher minimum wages:

Target - $13; Bank of America - $17; JP Morgan Chase - $15-$18 based on location; Huntington National Bank - $16; Facebook - $15-$20 based on location; Wells Fargo - $15; Amazon - $15; Costco - $15.50; Charter Communications / Spectrum - $15; Ben & Jerry's - $16.92.

Minimum wage rates may change during the calendar year. Check with your state department of labor for rates and wages specific to your location.

Minimum Wage Rates for 2019 Listed by State

The following is a list of minimum wage rates for each state for 2019. The data is based on information provided by the Economic Policy Institute, the National Conference of State Legislatures, and the Labor Law Center.

  • Alabama: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Alaska: $9.89 (annual indexing has begun)
  • Arizona: $11.00
  • Arkansas: $9.25
  • California: $12 (employers with 26 or more employees, otherwise $11)
  • Colorado: $11.10
  • Connecticut: $10.10
  • Delaware: $8.75
  • District of Columbia: $14.00 (as of 7/1/19)
  • Florida: $8.46
  • Georgia: $7.25 ($5.15 if not covered by federal regulations)
  • Guam: $8.25
  • Hawaii: $10.10 
  • Idaho: $7.25
  • Illinois: $8.25 
  • Indiana: $7.25
  • Iowa: $7.25 
  • Kansas: $7.25
  • Kentucky: $7.25
  • Louisiana: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Maine: $11 
  • Maryland: $10.10 
  • Massachusetts: $12
  • Michigan: $9.45 (effective in late March 2019)
  • Minnesota: Large employers are required to pay workers $9.86/hour and small employers (less than 500k in annual sales) $8.04
  • Mississippi: $7.25 (federal ninimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Missouri: $8.60
  • Montana: $8.50 ($4 for businesses with gross annual sales of $110,000 or less) (annual indexing has begun)
  • Nebraska: $9 
  • Nevada: $8.25 
  •  New Hampshire: $7.25 (federal minimum wage)
  • New Jersey: $8.85
  • New Mexico: $7.50
  • New York: $11.10
  • North Carolina: $7.25 
  • North Dakota: $7.25
  • Ohio: $8.55 
  • Oklahoma: $7.25
  • Oregon: $11.25 (7/1/19)
  • Pennsylvania: $7.25
  • Puerto Rico: ($7.25 employers covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act)
  • Rhode Island: $10.50 
  • South Carolina: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • South Dakota: $9.10
  • Tennessee: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Texas: $7.25
  • Utah: $7.25
  • Vermont: $10.78
  • U.S. Virgin Islands: $10.50
  • Virginia: $7.25
  • Washington: $12.00
  • West Virginia: $8.75
  • Wisconsin: $7.25
  • Wyoming: $7.25 ($5.15 if federal regulations do not apply)

Minimum Wage Rates for 2018 Listed by State

The following is a list of minimum wage rates for each state for 2018. The list also includes scheduled increases for future years. The data is based on information provided by the Economic Policy Institute, the National Conference of State Legislatures, and the Labor Law Center.

  • Alabama: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Alaska: $9.84 (annual indexing has begun)
  • Arizona: $10.50 (raised to $12 through indexed annual Increases between 1/1/2019 to 1/1/2020)
  • Arkansas: $8.50
  • California: $11 ($11 to $15 in $1 indexed annual increases between 1/1/2019 to 1/1/2022)
  • Colorado: $10.20* ($10.20 to $12 in $0.90 indexed annual increases between 1/1/2019 and 1/1/2020)
  • Connecticut: $10.10
  • Delaware: $8.25
  • District of Columbia: $12.50 (increases to $15 with indexed annual increases between 7/1/2018 and 7/1/2020)
  • Florida: $8.25
  • Georgia: $7.25 ($5.15 if not covered by federal regulations)
  • Guam: $8.25
  • Hawaii: $10.10 
  • Idaho: $7.25
  • Illinois: $8.25 
  • Indiana: $7.25
  • Iowa: $7.25 
  • Kansas: $7.25
  • Kentucky: $7.25
  • Louisiana: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Maine: $10 (11 to $12 in $1 annual Increases between 1/1/2019 to 1/1/2020) (indexed annual increases will begin on 1/1/2021)
  • Maryland$10.10 
  • Massachusetts$11 ($3.75 for tipped employees)
  • Michigan$9.25 (indexed annual increases will begin on 4/1/2019)
  • Minnesota: Large employers are required to pay workers $9.65/hour and small employers (less than 500k in annual sales) $7.87 (Indexed Annual increases will begin on 1/1/2018)
  • Mississippi: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Missouri: $7.85
  • Montana: $8.30 ($4 for businesses with gross annual sales of $110,000 or less) (annual indexing has begun)
  • Nebraska$9 
  • Nevada: $8.25 Nevada’s minimum wage is set at $1 above the federal minimum wage for firms not providing health insurance.
  • New Hampshire: $7.25 (federal minimum wage)
  • New Jersey: $8.60 (annual indexing has begun)
  • New Mexico: $7.50
  • New York: $10.40 ($0.70 indexed annual Increases from 12/31/2018 to $12.50 by 12/31/2020. starting 1/1/2021, the rate will be adjusted annually for inflation until it reaches $15 an hour)More information on New York minimum wage increases.)
  • North Carolina: $7.25 
  • North Dakota: $7.25
  • Ohio: $8.30 ($7:25 for employers with gross sales of $283,000 or less) (Annual indexing has begun)
  • Oklahoma: $7.25
  • Oregon: $10.75 (from $10.75 to $13.50 from 7/1/2019 to 7/1/2022)
  • Pennsylvania: $7.25
  • Puerto Rico: $7.25 (employers covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA))
  • Rhode Island: $10.10 
  • South Carolina: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • South Dakota: $8.65  (annual indexing has begun)
  • Tennessee: $7.25 (federal minimum wage, no state minimum)
  • Texas: $7.25
  • Utah: $7.25
  • Vermont: $10.50, (annual indexing begins 1/1/2019)
  • Virgin Islands$9.50, $10.50, 6/1/18
  • Virginia: $7.25
  • Washington: $11.50 (from $12.50 to $13.50 from 1/1/2019-1/1/2020)
  • West Virginia$8.75
  • Wisconsin: $7.25
  • Wyoming: $7.25 ($5.15 if federal regulations do not apply)

The information contained in this article is not legal advice and is not a substitute for such advice. State and federal laws change frequently, and the information in this article may not reflect your own state’s laws or the most recent changes to the law. 

Article Sources

  1. U.S. Department of Labor. "Minimum Wage," Accessed Oct. 20, 2019.

  2. National Archives. Federal Register. "Establishing a Minimum Wage for Contractors, Notice of Rate Change in Effect as of January 1, 2020," Accessed Oct. 20, 2019.

  3. U.S. Department of Labor. Fair Labor Standards Act Advisor. "Exemptions," Accessed Oct. 20, 2019.