Army Job Profile: 25B Information Technology Specialist

These IT Soldiers Deal with Highly Sensitive Information

This illustration shows a day in the life of a 25B information technology specialist including

 Bailey Mariner © The Balance

Information Technology Specialists have the great responsibility of maintaining, processing, and troubleshooting military computer systems and operations. A few decades ago this job was completely different, but as the times and technology changes, so does the need to have highly skilled and technical members of our military handling the way the military communicates vital information throughout the chain of command and beyond. This Army job is military occupational specialty (MOS) 25B - Information Technology (IT) Specialists.

These soldiers deal with highly sensitive information and need to have technical skills and aptitude for programming and computer languages. For someone interested in a career in computer programming or engineering, this job will provide the necessary training. These soldiers are crucial to the Army and national security.

Duties of MOS 25B

There is a lengthy list of possible duties for soldiers in this job. They will install, operate, and perform maintenance on equipment and devices and transfer data between information processing systems as well as troubleshoot computerized equipment for hardware and software malfunctions. Similar to civilian IT personnel, these soldiers handle basic computer issues having to deal with many non-computer literate fellow members of the Army. They have to also perform all manner of installing and editing of computer programs and provide technical documentation and maintenance for programs. The IT professional within the military must perform the system administrator duties such as compiling report data and quality control and may be called upon to help military civilians and soldiers in the installation, operation, and maintenance of information processing equipment. Probably the most important duty of the IT professional is to provide system administration to Tactical Battle Command Servers (TBC Server) in the tactical operations center (TOC). Additionally, debugging, analyzing, testing, and modifying software, as well as programs and manuals are also likely to be part of the MOS 25B job. IT specialists in the Army have many skills and abilities after their years doing this job. See the lists below for more tasks and responsibilities that make them highly marketable in the civilian market after service:

  • Installs, operates and maintains computer systems and local area networks (LAN).
  • Performs system administration (SA) and maintains computers and servers within the computing environment (CE) and the network environment (NE).
  • Performs network administration (NA); installs, configures and maintains network equipment within the LAN.
  • Installs, operates, and maintains commercial off the shelf (COTS) equipment (i.e. routers, switches, desktop and laptop computers).
  • Provides direct support for Information Dissemination and Content Staging.
  • Performs Network Operations (NETOPS) Service Desk Management, which includes incident and problem processing, change request processing, availability management and user interaction.
  • Assists in the planning, configuration, management, and monitoring of the wide area network (WAN).

Training for MOS 25B

Job training for an information technology specialist requires 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training and 20 weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction.

Some of the skills you’ll learn include:

  • Use of computer consoles and peripheral equipment
  • Computer systems concepts
  • Planning, designing, and testing computer systems

Requirements for MOS 25B

To qualify for this job, a soldier needs a score of 95 on the Skilled Technical (ST) aptitude area of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test.

Since soldiers in this position have access to sensitive information that could affect national security, a secret security clearance is required. This means you’ll be subject to a background check, which will look into any public and financial records and might include interviews with personal and professional records. 

Soldiers in this job will need normal color vision (no color blindness) and must be U.S. citizens. They'll need to qualify for the Personnel Security and Surety Program and also will need to have passed a high school algebra course. 

Civilian Positions Similar to MOS 25B

This is an Army job that trains soldiers for potentially lucrative careers after leaving the military. You will be qualified for a variety of IT and computer-related positions, potentially in systems administration or engineering. Some of the certifications you can obtain with some effort are the following:

  • Sec+
  • Net+
  • Windows Config
  • Comp TIA A+ ce
  • Comp TIA Server+
  • Cisco CCNP - Routing / Switching