The weapons used by soldiers in the U.S. Army are among the most sophisticated and technically advanced in the world. It's important that they are kept up to date and any repairs are made quickly and effectively.
That's where the small arms/artillery repairer comes in. These soldiers perform direct support and general support maintenance and repairs on items such as field artillery and other infantry weapons. It's up to them to ensure that everything from small arms to large ballistic missiles are operating as they should be.
The Army categorizes this job with the military occupational specialty (MOS) 91F.
Duties of MOS 91F
In addition to performing direct and general support maintenance on small arms and other infantry weapons, these soldiers supervise subordinates and provide technical guidance to other soldiers. They diagnose and troubleshoot malfunctions of small arms and other infantry weapons, and towed artillery, which are large guns that need to be towed on a truck or flatbed from place to place.
Training for MOS 91F
Soldiers in this job will learn advanced electronic and mechanical principles and concepts and Army protocols, how to operate the electronic weapons systems they'll be repairing and maintaining and how to operate the specific weapons systems they'll work on.
These soldiers also learn how to read and understand schematics, drawings, blueprints, and wiring diagrams.
Job training for a small arms/artillery repairer requires 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training (otherwise known as boot camp) and 16 weeks of Advanced Individual Training at Fort Lee in Virginia.
Qualifying for MOS 91F
To be eligible for this job, a recruit needs a score of 93 in the general maintenance (GM) area of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests. A composite score of 88 on the GM segment and an 85 on the general technical (GT) segment also is acceptable.
There is no Department of Defense security clearance required for this position. Normal color vision is required, so if you have colorblindness, you won't be able to serve in this role.
Civilian Equivalent to Small Arms Repairer
This isn't a job that has a true civilian equivalent since the main focus is on the repair and maintenance of weapons. But for jobs such as auto mechanic or electronics technician, the skills you'll learn in this Army job will give you an advantage.