Army Job: MOS 19D Cavalry Scout

These soldiers provide information about enemy positions

Army Calvery Scout
••• IDF Infantry/Flickr

In the Army, the Cavalry Scout acts as the eyes and ears, gathering battlefield information about the enemy. There is perhaps no more important soldier in a combat situation than the scouts who gather information about enemy positions, vehicles, weapons and activity.

With the information these scouts gather, commanders can make informed decisions about how to move troops and where and when to attack. They can assess enemy numbers and determine whether to call for reinforcements and when to order a retreat. 

This job is categorized as military occupational specialty (MOS) 19D. It's a job that used to be closed to women, due to the Army's past restrictions on women in combat. But the first female soldiers graduated from Army cavalry scout training in 2017, part of the Army's move toward integrating its combat and other units.

Duties of Army Cavalry Scouts

These soldiers are quite literally the first line of defense for Army units. They not only scout enemy positions, they repair and maintain the vehicles used for this work. Like their fellow combat troops, they load and fire weapons, secure and stow ammunition, and gather information about terrain and enemy equipment.  

Their scouting duties include conducting mounted and dismounted navigation, collecting data about tunnels and bridges, and serving as members of observation and listening posts. 

Cavalry scouts also assist with the laying and removal of mines, and use the protocols of concealment and camouflage. 

Training for MOS 19G

Initial training in this MOS is primarily conducted through One Station Unit Training (OSUT), which combines basic training and job training into one single course of instruction. OSUT for 19D, Calvary Scout is 16 weeks at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

In addition to basic soldiering skills, calvary scouts learn to secure and prepare ammunition on scout vehicles, load, clear and fire individual and crew-served weapons, perform navigation during combat, and how to collect data to classify routes, tunnels and bridges. And they train and supervise scout vehicle crew members.

Qualifying for MOS 19G

If you're prepared to face danger, are in top physical condition and can work well as part of a team, particularly under intense pressure, you may be suited to work as an Army calvary scout. 

To be eligible to serve as a cavalry scout, you'll need a score of at least 87 in the combat (CO) segment of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests. There is no Department of Defense security clearance required for this MOS. However, normal color vision and correctable vision of 20/20 in one eye and 20/100 in the other eye is required. 

Civilian Jobs Similar to 19G

Since this is a combat-oriented job, there's no true civilian equivalent. But you'll learn a lot of skills in training that will transfer to civilian jobs, such as driving trucks, operating radio equipment, and surveying. You may also be qualified to work as a security guard or police officer since you'll have experience with weapons.