If you are going to join the Navy or any other branch of service, you'll be required to take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB Test).
The Navy uses each individual's results for the ASVAB subtest score areas to determine whether or not a person qualifies for a certain job, or rating.
The Subtest Sections
The ASVAB subtests are comprised of the following sections, number of questions, and time limit:
- General Science (GS): General principles of biological and physical sciences - includes 25 items that are to be completed in 11 minutes.
- Arithmetic Reasoning (AR: Simple word problems that require simple calculations - includes 30 items that are to be completed in 36 minutes.
- Word Knowledge (WK): Correct meaning of a word (synonyms); occasionally antonyms (opposite meaning of a word) - includes 35 items that are to be completed in 11 minutes.
- Paragraph Comprehension (PC): Questions based on the information of several paragraphs that you read - includes 15 items, which are to be completed in 13 minutes.
- Assembling Objects (AO): Assembling objects questions test your ability with spatial relationships between objects that typically work together. There are 16 questions on this section and you will be given 16 minutes to complete them all.
- Auto and Shop Information (AS): Knowledge of automobiles, shop terminology, and tool use - includes 25 items that are to be completed in 11 minutes.
- Mathematics Knowledge (MK): High school level math, including geometry, trigonometry, and algebra - includes 25 items that are to be completed in 24 minutes.
- Mechanical Comprehension (MC): Basic mechanical and physical principles - includes 25 items to be completed in 19 minutes.
- Electronics Information (EI): Electronic principles, basic electronic circuitry, and electronic terminology - includes 20 items that are to be completed in 9 min and measure knowledge of electric principles and electronic terminology.
The VE and the AFQT Scores
The VE Score is comprised of two of the above sub-tests:
Paragraph Comprehension (PC) and Word Knowledge (WK) make up the Verbal Expression Score of the ASVAB. You can say that the AFQT is comprised of the VE score plus the math sections.
Specifically, the sub-tests used to make the AFQT are Paragraph Comprehension (PC), Word Knowledge (WK), Mathematics Knowledge (MK), and Arithmetic Reasoning (AR).
Combining related subtests that match the requirements of the Navy ratings is how the recruiters will determine if you have the ability/aptitude for certain jobs.
ASVAB Requirements for Ratings
While these requirements are subject to change, the list below provides useful examples of the individual ASVAB score requirements for the following Navy enlisted jobs: