Career Path Definition With Examples
What's a career path, and why is it an important part of your career development and your professional plans and goals for the future?
A career path is composed of a sequence of jobs that make up your career plan. Career paths and career plans may sound like the same thing, but they’re not:
- A career plan includes short-term or long-term goals leading to an ideal career;
- A career path specifically includes the jobs that help an individual progress towards his or her goals and objectives.
Curious about how a career path works? The first thing to know is that while it includes the jobs you’ll need to hit your ultimate career goal, a career path doesn’t need to follow a straight line. There’s no blueprint or timetable for climbing the career ladder.
Your career path will be as individual as you are. You may take a very different route than your colleagues and wind up in the same spot.
The important thing to remember is that it's your own. You can take a sabbatical from work, be a stay-at-home parent or caregiver, or even move down the career ladder. There isn't a right or wrong way to grow – or to downsize – your career.
What’s Included in a Career Path
Career paths traditionally imply vertical growth or advancement to higher-level positions, but they can also entail lateral (sideways) movement within or across industries. And each path can be slightly different for each person, depending on how long you need to take to reach your goals, or if you change your goals along the way.
At the heart of a career path is the fact that you’ll be changing jobs from time to time.
The average person changes jobs 10 to 15 times during their career, and sometimes those changes will involve different types of positions in various industries. Some career paths have a few ups and downs and, in fact, some people even plan a move down the career ladder.
For example, people who are midlife-career changers may need to go down a level or two from where they were, so they can get the training and experience they need to move back up the ladder.
Whichever way a career path takes someone, it’s designed to provide increased satisfaction of a worker's career values and needs by targeting a series of jobs designed to get them to their career goal. Job satisfaction is one important key to a happy and long career.
Organizational Career Paths
Career paths are sometimes part of the employee development processes within organizations. In this case, an employee and a supervisor or Human Resources representative discuss the career development of the worker within the context of their organization.
This discussion may take place as part of the performance appraisal process and considers the interests, knowledge, and skills of the employee. Additional education, training, or work assignments may be planned as mechanisms to qualify employees for subsequent roles within their career path.
In many cases, an individual will develop and actualize a career path without the cooperation of their employer. These workers will engage in the career exploration process independently or with the assistance of a career counselor, mentor, or personal advisor.
Examples of Career Paths
It can help to review examples of career paths for a variety of different career fields. Keep in mind that some career paths are direct and include specific jobs that move an individual up the career ladder and are typically followed in order.
Other career paths are indirect and may involve work in different industries or types of jobs, such as when someone is working on a career change.
- Administration: Administrative Assistant - Executive Assistant - Office Manager
- Advertising: Advertising Account Coordinator - Assistant Account Executive - Account Executive - Major Account Executive
- Communications: Public Relations Assistant - Public Relations Representative - Assistant Director of Public Relations - Director of Communications
- Customer Services / Sales: Customer Service Representative - Inside Salesperson - Outside Salesperson - Major Account Salesperson - Regional Sales Manager
- Development: Development Assistant - Annual Giving Officer - Development Associate - Major Gift Officer - Leadership Giving Officer - Associate Director of Leadership Gifts
- Editorial: Editorial Assistant - Assistant Editor - Associate Editor - Editor - Senior Editor - Editorial Director
- Education: Teacher - Master Teacher - Curriculum Coordinator - Assistant Principal - Principal
- Education to Training: Teacher - Insurance Salesperson - Trainer for New Agents
- Engineering: Junior Engineer - Senior Engineer - Project Manager - Engineering Consultant
- Entrepreneur: Salesperson - Sales Manager - Business Owner
- Human Resources: Human Resources Assistant - Interviewer - Benefits Assistant - Benefits Specialist - Assistant Director of Human Resources - Director of Human Resources
- Retail: Retail Sales Clerk - Assistant Manager - Department Manager - Store Manager - Regional Manager
- Sales to Marketing: Salesperson - MBA - Assistant Brand Manager - Brand Manager - Group Manager - Marketing Director
Tips for Finding Your Perfect Career Path
Always Be in Learning Mode: Today’s job market moves quickly. To keep up, you need to be prepared to add to your skill set. Not sure which skills are most in-demand in your industry? Take a look at the LinkedIn profiles of your peers – especially those employed in the next job above yours. You’ll learn which hard and soft skills you’ll need to advance.
Pay Attention to Industry News: What will your job be like in five years – or ten? No one knows for sure, but if you keep up with the news, you’ll get a sense of the occupational outlook for your job and which employers are likely to remain in the game.
Network, Network, Network: Networking isn’t just for job seekers. Connecting with your peers can help you identify whole new directions for your career – even if you’re not interested in job hopping at the moment.
Make Plans (But Be Flexible): Don’t hold too tightly to your career plan when developing your career path. Be open to opportunity and keep your ultimate goals in mind. What’s important to you? What do you enjoy about your job and career – and what would you prefer to minimize at your next gig?
Be Ready for a Career Shift: Perhaps you're working in a declining industry or simply tired of working at the same old thing for what seems like a long time. It may be time to consider making over your career, and moving in a different direction.
Don’t Be Afraid of a Lateral Move: Sometimes, you need to move sideways (or even backward) to get ahead. If a job offers you a chance to develop skills or connections that will be valuable later on, be open to considering a lateral move.
A career path doesn't have to follow a straight line: Not all careers involve moving up the career ladder, and that's perfectly fine.
Your career path belongs to you: When you decide on what direction you want to move your career in, it's important to focus on what's important to you rather than what you think you should be doing.
Don't be afraid of change: Be willing to try something different and new. Sometimes what seems like a step backwards can help you move forward.
Salary.com. "14 Reasons to Make a Sideways Career Move," Accessed Oct. 8, 2019
University of Southern California. "The Importance of Job Satisfaction in Today’s Workforce," Accessed Oct. 8, 2019.
SHRM. "Developing Employee Career Paths and Ladders," Accessed Oct. 8, 2019.