Physician Assistants (PA) are trained at the graduate level and able to expand the reach of the Navy's healthcare team in assessing and treating patients. That level of skill and education earns military PAs a place in the commissioned ranks right alongside doctors, nurses, and other graduate-level professionals.
In the Navy, PAs are expected to provide the same worldwide service as any other military professional, though in addition to postings at land-based hospitals they may serve aboard aircraft carriers and other ships, caring for sailors and Marines.
Direct Commission of Civilian PAs
Whenever the Navy has openings, civilian physician assistants can skip "Go" and collect an officer's commission.
None of the Navy's requirements for the job are more important than valid licensure, but PAs must also be medically- and physically-fit U.S. citizens between the ages of 18 and 41.
Obviously, licensed civilians entering the Navy already have most of the education they need to do the job, but that doesn't make them naval officers. The Direct Commission Officer Indoctrination Course at Newport, Rhode Island, despite being "comprehensive [and] intense," is only two weeks long. Somehow in those two weeks, new Navy PAs learn enough about military leadership, customs, and naval history to earn their first salute. They will, however, sweat through drill and physical training under experienced Marine Corps Drill Instructors.
In addition to HPLRP, the Navy offers two programs to help future PAs finish their schooling: The Health Professions Scholarship Program and the Health Services Collegiate Program. While their names and benefits are nearly identical, there are two basic differences:
- If you're going to rack up a tuition higher than $134,600 — the cap for the Collegiate Program — then the Scholarship Program holds the advantage with 100% tuition reimbursement.
- Though both programs offer a monthly stipend (similar to the Post-9/11 GI Bill's monthly housing allowance) the Collegiate Program's $3,280 to $5,610 per month towers over the Scholarship Program's $2,122.
Sailors and Marines: Interservice Physician Assistant Program (IPAP)
The Navy sets its own requirements for IPAP in chapter 6 of OPNAVINST 1420.1B(MS Word). Sailors and Marines must be at least an E-5 (petty officer 2nd class or sergeant, respectively) and younger than 42 years. The program is only for active duty servicemembers, but reservists may apply if they're in the Full Time Service or Active Reserve programs.
In some ways (if you already intended on a military career) IPAP is a nifty shortcut around some of the long schooling required to become a PA. No bachelor's degree? No problem: Entry only requires a high school diploma and 60 undergraduate credits. That's a feasible goal for off-duty education, though 30 credits in core subjects like chemistry and anatomy must be taken in residence.
Sailors of any rating (or Marines with any military occupational specialty) can apply for IPAP, but the regulation adds that hospital corpsmen who finished advanced schooling to become independent duty corpsmen gain an edge by wiping out "the additional 30 semester hours and the 6 A&P [anatomy and physiology] semester hours."
Navy students in IPAP train alongside future PAs from the other service branches at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, where they spend the first phase of the program earning a bachelor's degree. The remainder of the program takes them through clinical experience and a master's thesis at naval hospitals aboard either Camp Pendleton or Naval Base San Diego.