Air Force Special Operations Weather Teams

Battle-Trained Meteorologists In The Field

Air Force SOWT

HURLBURT FIELD, Fla. -- Slashing through Burmese jungles with Maj. Gen. Orde Wingate’s Chindits; hunkering down far above the DMZ in North Vietnam; infiltrating into Northern Iraq to ensure the success of a thousand-man airborne jump -- not the average day at the office for most weather forecasters.

But those missions and many more have been business as usual since 1942 for the Air Force special operations weather teams assigned of the 10th Combat Weather Squadron here.

The battle-trained meteorologists of special operations weather have been at the tip of the spear for more than 60 years. They have deploying with other special operators from every branch of the armed forces. They provide combatant commanders with the weather data and analysis they need to plan and execute missions at the tactical, operational and strategic levels of war.

Elite members of the Air Force Special Warfare program, special operations weathermen receive specialized training far beyond that of other meteorologists, squadron director of operations Maj. Don Shannon said.

“Our guys have first gone through the normal weather training and served in an operational weather squadron before they can volunteer for SOWT,” he said.

Major Shannon said, “We typically work with special operations forces from the U.S. Army Special Operations Command, but because of the unique capability we provide, we also work with special operations teams from the other services. Because of the types of individuals we team with, we undergo much of the specialized training they do so we can keep up with them in the field.”

Weather team members are jump-qualified and may hold ratings as military freefall parachutists, air assault specialists, Rangers, combat diver qualifications and more, the major said.

Some team members have received specialized training in military snow skiing, snowshoeing and avalanche forecasting to better align with their SOF counterparts’ mission, he said.

“We know that when we put out a forecast, someone is going to use it downrange,” said Capt. Don Garrett, the squadron’s assistant director of operations. “We provide the real-time, eyes-on, ground truth about conditions that can critically impact the mission.

“That’s why this is a total volunteer outfit,” he said. “We’re all willing to give it one hundred percent every day.”

Major Shannon agrees the people are what make the weather teams unique.

“These people have great attitudes. They’re tough guys who get it done no matter how rough it gets,” he said. “There aren’t a lot of us, so we all know each other and know how to work as a team.”

In fact, there are very few SOWT operators in the Department of Defense. They are currently listed on the Global Military Force Policy low-density, high-demand asset list.

There are roughly 100 SOWT operators in the Air Force, including 20 to 25 officers, Major Shannon said. Most are with the Hurlburt squadron. But others serve with AFSOC special tactics units in the United States and overseas, he said. Not only do the low numbers of billets make if difficult to enter into the SOWT field, the fitness standards and selection program is equally as challenging. In fact, the SOWT candidates have to ace the PAST that is the same events as the Air Force PJ and CCT: 2 x 25m underwater swim, a 500m swim, pushups, situps, pullups, and 1.5 mile timed run. They will also be required to ruck (carrying 50 pound backpacks) for timed events as well. 

Air Force Physical Ability and Stamina Test (PAST) 

SOWT 2 x 25m u/w swim Pass/fail

500m swim 11:42

1.5 mile run 10:10

Pullups 2 min 8

Situps 2 min 48

Pushups 2 min 48

NOTE: The PAST requirements are designed to test for a minimum fitness level for entry into the various training pipelines. Candidates should continue to train throughout their application process to exceed these minimums in order to enhance their chances of success as it is a highly competitive program.


  • Successful completion of the SOWT PAST (above)
  • Minimum score of 30 on the SOWT selection model completed in Tailored Adaptive Personality Assessment System
  • Physical qualification and maintenance of physical standards for special operations to include parachute duties
  • Possession of a valid state driver’s license to operate government motor vehicles
  • Normal color vision and depth perception
  • Qualification to bear firearms
  • Maintain qualifications for Special Operations Weather Teams
  • Qualification and proficiency in military parachute operations
  • Completion of a current National Agency Check, Local Agency Checks and Credit
  • Completion of 7.5 weeks of Basic Military Training as well as Airmen’s Week
  • Must be between the ages of 17 and 39

A “typical” SOWT mission was like that performed by Staff Sgt. Dave Mack. He infiltrated into Iraq with an Army special forces operational detachment alpha team during the early stages of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Tasked with collecting weather data, the team endured sandstorms that buried them in their sleeping bags.

They survived 12 missile attacks, one which destroyed their humvee, and endured almost continuous small-arms attack. At one point, Sergeant Mack provided 36 continuous hours of weather observations so aircraft could evacuate seriously wounded Soldiers from Baghdad. He also performed security and weapons details with the other team members.

“You get so much satisfaction from this mission,” Major Shannon said. “Everyone works together and you affect the mission at every stage, from planning to execution to redeployment.”

Staff Sgt. Jody Ball, a four-year veteran of special operations weather, agrees.

“The combination of the people and the mission is what makes this job so great,” he said. “I work with Rangers, (Army) special forces, (pararescue jumpers), combat controllers -- it’s an elite group.

“It’s much more than you can get working in a regular weather station,” he said. “It’s not your standard workday.”

Related Video: Spec Ops Weather Teams