Common Engineering Job Interview Questions

Engineer working on robotic arm
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If you are an engineer applying for a job, the questions posed during an interview may vary based on whether you are applying for a position as an electrical, mechanical, computer, civil, or other type of engineer.

However, almost any engineer job interview will include questions that assess your technological knowledge, your engineering skills, and your ability to communicate with team members and clients. 

As in any interview, it's a good idea to review questions, and practice your response, in advance of the interview.

Being prepared will help you feel confident, and ensure you're hitting the right notes in your answers. 

Engineering Interview Questions

The following is a list of frequently asked engineering interview questions. Several of these general engineer interview questions are behavioral questions, that ask you how you have acted during a given situation in the past.

Structure your responses by using the STAR interview response technique to describe a past situation, the task or challenge involved, the action you took, and the result of your action.

  • Tell me about the most challenging engineering project that you have been involved with during the past year.
  • Describe the most challenging written technical report or presentation that you've had to complete.
  • Describe an experience with a difficult client. How did you handle the situation? What would you have done differently?
  • Tell me about your greatest success in using logic to solve an engineering problem.
  • Give me an example of a time when you applied your ability to use analytical techniques to define problems or design solutions.
  • What checks and balances do you use to make sure that you don't make mistakes?
  • Do you have any patents? If so, tell me about them. If not, is that something you see yourself pursuing in the future? Why or why not?
  • What engineering skills have you developed or improved upon during the past year?
  • Which software packages are you familiar with? What is the most interesting thing you know how to do with one of these packages?
  • What are you doing to stay current with the latest technology?

Civil Engineer Interview Questions

Civil engineering firms that are hiring new colleagues will often seek to gauge how seamlessly promising candidates would adapt to their company culture. Since hiring initiatives can be time-intensive and expensive, they also prefer to hire associates that they can trust will stick around for a while. Prepare for these questions by researching the firm ahead of time.

Software Engineer Interview Questions

If you're a software engineer, see these interview questions about the skills and attributes that qualify you the job.

Questions About Your Personal Attributes

Your interviewer will be interested not only in your training and professional experience, but also in your personal goals, self-knowledge, and the soft skills (“people skills”) that enable you to work well with clients and other team members.

Questions About Your Resume / Career Trajectory

Be prepared to explain any “red flags” on your resume, such as significant employment gaps and brief position tenures. Your interviewer may also inquire about your plans for the future and about information you may not have included on your resume.

Problem-Solving Questions

Problem-solving questions require you to “think on your feet,” just as you have to do daily in the workplace. Be ready to offer examples of a few of your most important engineering accomplishments that demanded deep analytical skills and a proactive trouble-shooting stance.

  • Describe any situations where you took initiative or displayed an entrepreneurial approach.
  • Give me an example of how you applied your problem-solving skills to a design challenge.
  • Share an example of how you have applied your skills to on-site work.
  • Describe your most successful engineering project. What enabled you to achieve this success?
  • What about on-site work is most challenging for you?

Technical Questions

Don’t be surprised if you have to field a few questions that test your basic engineering knowledge and training background.

  • What is the required information to repair a midbeam in a building?
  • Describe any projects or coursework which equip you to work on design issues for water systems.
  • How much oil is necessary to pollute the ocean?
  • Do you have any security clearance to work on classified projects? If you have worked on a DOD project, describe a challenge which you encountered.
  • What are the ways to filter the contaminants in drinking water?
  • What are sources of contaminants in water?
  • Describe the differences between Corsim and Vissim models. 
  • How have you best applied computer technology to your work during the past year?
  • What software have you learned to use or mastered more fully during the past year?

General Job Interview Questions

In addition to job-specific interview questions, you will also be asked more general questions about your employment history, education, strengths, weaknesses, achievements, goals, and plans. Here's a list of the most common interview questions to review, and examples of the best answers.

Key Takeaways

REVIEW COMMON ENGINEERING INTERVIEW QUESTIONS: Be prepared to answer both general queries about your education and professional background and questions specific to the job you are targeting.

RESEARCH THE EMPLOYER: Learn as much as you can about the engineering firm you are interviewing with so that you can prove how you would be the perfect fit for their department.

KNOW YOUR TRADE: Be ready to discuss the engineering design processes and technologies you use in your day-to-day work.