What Does a Computer Systems Administrator Do?
Learn About the Salary, Required Skills, & More
Computer systems administrators maintain daily operation of an organization’s computer networks. They resolve malfunctions within a company’s computer hardware and software and make required updates to all equipment and software for the safety of the company’s network.
Computer Systems Administrator Duties & Responsibilities
The job generally requires the ability to perform the following duties:
- Identify and fulfill an organization's needs around computer systems
- Monitor and maintain optimum network performance
- Determine the cause of network errors and take the steps needed to fix them
- Answer questions related to the computer system
- Issues upgrades to the computer system accordingly to meet the needs of an organization
- Train employees on how to use computer systems
- Remain up-to-date on current technology changes and trends
An administrator ensures proper functionality of email and data storage networks and connectivity of employee workstations to the central computer network. They also have to train new users to use relevant software and hardware. In special cases, an administrator may also have to manage telecommunication networks to connect employees outside the office.
Computer Systems Administrator Salary
A computer systems administrator's salary can vary depending on location, experience, and employer.
- Median Annual Salary: $82,050
- Top 10% Annual Salary: $130,720
- Bottom 10% Annual Salary: $50,990
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), 2018
Education, Training, & Certification
- Education: Most employers require a bachelor’s degree in a field related to computer or information science or engineering. In addition to a relevant degree, training and coursework experience in a programming language, networking systems, or design is helpful but not necessary.
- Certification: Some companies require their computer systems administrators to be certified to work with the specific computer system technology that they use. Companies that manufacturer those products, such as Microsoft, Cisco, and Red Hat, usually offer that type of certification.
- Training: Network technology is constantly changing. Therefore, it is vital that administrators stay up-to-date with the latest standards and developments. For this reason, many take courses throughout their careers to stay in the know.
Computer Systems Administrator Skills & Competencies
To be successful in this role, you’ll generally need the following skills and qualities:
- Problem-solving skills: It is a position that requires someone with the ability to troubleshoot and repair network problems quickly since most businesses depend heavily on their network functionality to complete tasks.
- Communication skills: It's important for people in this role to be able to express any issues that arise with a computer system to any company employees that are impacted by it. They must also keep leadership in the know about the status of company systems and any needed changes or upgrades.
- Multitasking skills: Computer systems administrators are often working on many tasks at once.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that employment in this field will grow 6 percent through 2026, which is slightly faster than the overall employment growth of 7 percent for all occupations in the country.
Computer systems administrators can work for any type of company that has a computer system. People in this position must be comfortable with change and working under pressure. They face quickly shifting priorities, and they must keep up to date with rapidly changing technologies.
Computer systems must be running well around the clock at most companies, and some administrators end up working overtime to ensure this is happening. This may include working evenings and weekends. According to the BLS, one in five administrators works more than 40 hours per week.
How to Get the Job
Join a Professional Organization
One can join a professional organization like the Association for Computing Machinery to gain the experience required to become a computer system administrator. The ACM offers online courses in various topics such as C++, cloud computing, Linux network management, and much more.
Get to know the critical elements for a successful job interview and do mock interviews with friends and others in the industry.
Comparing Similar Jobs
People who are interested in becoming computer systems administrators may also consider other careers with these median salaries:
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2018