There's a lot of mystery and mystique surrounding SWAT teams around the world. These highly trained, elite law enforcement specialty units have at their disposal a host of tools and tactics to make them ready for the most dangerous and volatile of situations that may require police action. You might even call them the Navy SEALS of policing, which is why any police officer who is honest with themselves will likely admit that they've had dreams of making the team at some point in their career. So just how do you become a SWAT team member?
Minimum Requirements for SWAT
First things first, before you can make it to SWAT, you need to make it as a police officer. Most SWAT team members, except for a few medics or other non-law enforcement roles, are cops first. To be considered for a job as a police officer, you must, at a minimum:
- Be a U.S. citizen
- Be at least 19 years old (minimum age will vary from state to state)
- Hold a valid driver's license
- Have a high school diploma or GED certificate (some agencies may require an associate or bachelor's degree)
- Have either prior military service, other law enforcement history, or public contact work experience
If you meet the minimums, you'll undergo an extensive background investigation process, and you'll need to complete police academy training. Once you've gotten hired as a police officer, you'll typically need to serve for at least two years, perhaps longer, before you are eligible for any specialty units, including SWAT team positions.
Once you've got the requisite experience, you'll be eligible to try out when a position becomes vacant. Be forewarned: SWAT team try-outs are intense and will require everything you've got, both physically and mentally.
Perhaps the biggest challenges for aspiring SWAT team members are the physical requirements. SWAT officers have to be in the absolute top physical condition to perform the many functions they may be called to handle. For that reason, SWAT team physical assessments measure the strength and endurance of potential new members.
Specific physical requirements will likely vary among departments, but a good gauge to see if you're close to where you need to be are the FBI's Tactical Hostage Rescue Team's physical requirements. Candidates for the FBI's HRT must, at a minimum, be able to:
- Perform 12 pull-ups
- Complete 60 sit-ups in two minutes
- Perform 50 push-ups
- Run 2 miles in under 14:59
- Climb eight flights of stairs, wearing a 50-pound vest and carrying a 35-pound ram, in 60 seconds
- Swim 200 meters in seven minutes
Keep in mind that these are only the minimum physical requirements to be considered for the team, and this is just one agency. Different agencies may have slightly different requirements, but the fact remains that you will need to get in shape and stay in shape to make it in SWAT.
Most of the emphasis for SWAT team tryouts and selection is placed upon physical fitness, but there are other considerations as well. SWAT members must be expert marksmen, able to think quickly on their feet, take and give orders, communicate effectively with others, have a strong sense of teamwork, and be mentally tough. In many cases, an officer's prior work history and performance with the department will be taken into consideration when choosing SWAT members.
Joining an Elite Team
SWAT team members are considered to be elite within the ranks of law enforcement agencies. These units are highly cohesive teams in which every member plays a vital role in advancing the mission of the group. It takes a tremendous amount of dedication, determination, and hard work. If you have a strong sense of team and self-sacrifice and you think you can muster the mental and physical strength needed to make it on the SWAT team, then you may just find it to be the perfect criminology career for you.