How to Call in Sick to Work

Woman sitting with laptop and blowing nose
••• Tetra Images / Getty Images

We all have days when we feel too ill to come to work. We also sometimes have days when we just want (or need) a day off, and decide to take a sick day.

Whether or not you are actually sick, the process of calling in sick to work is the same. You want to let your boss know as soon as possible, and keep the explanation of your illness (or fake illness) very brief.

Tips for Calling in Sick

Choose the right method for contacting your boss. While people use the phrase “call in sick,” you might not actually need to call your boss on the phone. Instead, you might send an email, a letter, or even a text. Make sure you know what your boss’s preferred method of contact is. Check out some sample sickness absence excuse letters and emails to help you write your own.

Call as soon as possible. Let your boss know about your illness as soon as possible. If you are feeling very ill the night before and know you won’t make it in to work, you can send your boss a message that evening. Otherwise, tell your boss first thing in the morning.

Keep it brief. Don’t go into great detail about your illness. No one wants to hear the details of your flu or stomach virus. Keep your message short and to the point.

Let your team know. Consider sending another message to your department or team letting them know that you will be absent. This is especially important if you are working on a team project, or have a deadline coming up. Make sure they know you will not be available that day.

Explain your availability. Let your employer (and perhaps your team members) know if you will be able to respond to email or do any other work while you are home sick. If you are too sick to check your email, say so.

Mention any important information. Similarly, let your boss and your team know if there is any information they will need to know that day. For example, you might tell your boss, “I am sorry I am missing the staff-wide meeting at 2 p.m., but Ellen should have all of the data from our department.” This kind of information will keep others from struggling in your absence.

Follow up. Make sure you know whether your company requires you to complete any sort of follow-up documentation. For example, some companies require employees to bring a doctor’s note.

Tips for Calling in Sick When You Just Need a Day Off

What if you don’t feel sick, but you simply need a day to relax and recharge? Your best option is to take a personal day. However, not all employers offer these. For example, many jobs in retail and other hourly jobs do not offer personal days.

In this case, one option is to call in sick. In this case, you still want to follow all the same steps. However, there are a few more things you will want to keep in mind.

Think about your timing. It is easier to convince your boss you are really sick when you pick a random workday. However, if you pick a Monday or Friday (or a day right before or after a holiday), your boss might be suspicious that you are simply trying to extend your weekend. If you don’t care which day you take off, you might try a day between Tuesday and Thursday.

Avoid a phone call. Unless you are confident you can lie to your boss over the phone, you might want to avoid a direct conversation with him or her. Instead, send an email or text (whatever is preferable to your employer). If your boss would prefer a phone call, try calling early in the morning––it will increase your chance of being able to leave a voicemail instead of speaking to your boss directly.

Keep it very brief. You always want to keep a call about your absence brief, but in this case, keep it very brief. The more you talk, the more you will be lying, and the better your chances of getting caught. Simply say you are calling in sick. If your boss asks more questions, answer them, but keep your answers short. There are some excuses that work better than others when you need a day off from work.

Don’t tell anyone you lied. Don’t tell any of your coworkers that you were not really sick. Even if they are your friends, you run the risk that one of them might tell your boss (on purpose or even on accident).

Be careful with social media. A lot of employees have gotten caught faking an illness due to social media. They say they are sick, then they post a picture of their day at the beach, and then their boss finds out. Avoid posting anything about your fun day off on social media. This will prevent any information from getting back to your boss.

Work hard afterwards. After taking a day off work, you always want to work hard to catch up on any projects. This is especially the case if you took a secret personal day. Show your boss that you are still a committed team member who can work hard and get the job done.