How to Email a Resume
Tips for Emailing Job Materials to an Employer
Do you need to email a resume to apply for a job? What's the best way to do it? When you're sending an email resume, it's important to follow the employer's instructions on how to submit your job materials.
The job posting should give you detailed information on how you are expected to apply. If it's by email, you may be advised as to what format you should use for your resume, what to include in the subject line of the email message, and by when the employer needs to receive it.
Make sure you follow the employer’s instructions carefully, or else you risk getting your application thrown out. When there are no clear directions (and even when there are), follow these tips on how to submit your resume and other job materials by email.
Tips for Emailing a Resume to an Employer
Read the directions. The first rule of thumb when emailing a resume is to do exactly what the job listing says. If the listing asks you to send your resume in a particular format, or asks you to save your resume under a specific name, be sure to do so. Employers are less like to consider job applications that do not follow submission instructions exactly.
Send it as an attachment. Keep in mind that some employers do not accept attachments. In these cases, paste your resume into your email message as plain text. However, when there aren't instructions, the easiest way to send your resume is as an attachment. That will preserve your resume content and format. Your cover letter can either be attached as well, or written in the body of an email message.
Choose a resume file format. Be sure to read the job listing carefully for any directions on what format the employer would prefer for your resume. If there are no directions, submit the resume as either a Microsoft Word document (.doc or .docx) or a PDF. These are the most common formats that employers prefer.
If you have saved your resume with word processing software other than Microsoft Word, convert your resume to a Word document. You should be able to click “File,” then “Save As,” and save it as a Word document.
To save your document as a PDF, depending on your word processing software you may be able to select “File,” the “Save As,” and save it as a PDF. If not, there are free programs you can use to convert a file to a PDF.
Name your attachment. If you attach your resume to your email, remember that your employer can see the name of your document. Include your name in the title so that the employer will know, at a glance, who you are. For example, you could name your resume “Firstname Lastname Resume.”
Don’t use a generic name like “Resume” or, even worse, “Resume1” or “Resume 2.” This might make the employer think you don’t care enough about the job to tailor your materials specifically for the position. It also doesn’t help the employer remember who you are.
Keep it simple. Whether you paste your resume into the body of the email message or send it as an attachment, keep the font and style simple. Use an easy-to-read font and remove any fancy formatting.
Don't use HTML. You don't know what email client the employer is using, so simple is best because the employer may not see a formatted message the same way you do.
How to Send Your Cover Letter Via Email
When applying for a job via email, you can copy and paste your cover letter into the email message or write your cover letter directly in the body of an email message.
You can also choose to send your cover letter as an attachment. If you send your cover letter as an attachment, use the same format as your resume (for example, if your resume is a PDF, your cover letter should be too). Also use the same naming convention as you did for your resume i.e. janedoecoverletter.doc.
Be sure to read the directions on the job application carefully: sometimes companies want all your materials sent as one PDF or Word document, and other times they want separate attachments for each document.
If you do send both your resume and letter as attachments, include a brief introduction in your email message. In it, state the job you are applying for and note that your resume and cover letter (and any other requested materials) are attached.
Tips for Emailing Job Materials
Use a professional email address. Make sure to use a professional email address that includes your name or part of your name. If you don’t have one yet, create a new professional email address with your first and last name, if possible.
Use a clear subject line. The subject line is the first thing the employer will see when deciding whether or not to open your message. Make sure your subject line clearly states the purpose of the message so that the employer does not mistake it for spam, or otherwise overlook it. The subject line should include the job title and your name, and should be edited for spelling errors. For example, it might be “Job Title – Firstname Lastname.”
Keep it brief. If you send all of your job materials as attachments, include a brief message in the content of the email that says who you are, why you are writing, and what materials you have attached.
Include your signature. At the bottom of the email message, include an email signature with your contact information, so it's easy for the hiring manager to get in touch with you.
Carefully edit and proofread your documents. Make sure you spell check and check your grammar and capitalization. Employers expect the same level of professionalism in email as they do in paper correspondence. Be sure to proofread your subject line, the body of your email, and any attachments.
Many email programs have built-in spell checkers you can use. Or, write your cover letter message in a word processing program, spell and grammar check it, and paste into the email message. No matter how you write it, be sure not to rely solely on spell checkers, which can miss many grammar and spelling mistakes. Reread your message yourself, and consider having a friend look at it as well.
Send an email test message. Before you click “Send,” send yourself a test email message to be sure your application is perfect and good to go. Attach your resume, then send the message to yourself first to test that the formatting works. Open the attachment so you are sure you attached the right file in the right format, and that it opens correctly. If everything is set, send it to the employer. If not, update your materials and send another test message to yourself.