If you're job hunting, you need to be ready for a potential employer to do a background check. It's always a good idea to be aware of any red flags that might be on your record, so you can plan how to handle them. The best way to prepare for an employment background check is to know in advance all the information an employer might discover about you.
Especially if you've been in the working world for a while, it's easy to forget a previous employment glitch (or personal misstep) that will cast you in a bad light.
The most important thing is not to wait until you're in the middle of a job search to prepare for a background check.
How to Prepare for an Employment Background Check
When interviewing for a job, you may need to answer questions about your credit record, your driving record, and other items and situations an employer may consider relevant.
On the surface, it might seem like these things have nothing to do with a given job opening. However, some employers believe that these factors speak to a candidate’s character.
Consider all of the following when preparing for your background check:
Credit Report. Get a copy of your credit report. You can order a free copy of your credit report from each of the three major credit bureaus (e.g., Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) for every year you think is relevant. If there is erroneous information (which can happen), dispute it with the creditor to clear your name. Be aware of the laws in your state regarding employment-related credit checks.
Criminal Records. Some states don't allow questions about arrests or convictions beyond a certain point in your past, typically 10 years. Other states only allow consideration of criminal history for certain positions (such as jobs in the financial sector or working with children). A criminal record can impact your job search, so it’s best to be aware of the laws in your state.
Driving Record. Check your motor vehicle record by requesting a copy of your record from your state Department of Motor Vehicles. You may also be able to review your driving record online at the DMV website. If you have a history of traffic violations and you're interviewing for a job where a license is required, be prepared to answer questions about your driving record.
Drug Testing. The Society for Human Resource Management estimates that 90% of employers conduct some sort of drug screening for job candidates. Testing is typically conducted after employees have been interviewed and the employer is ready to make offers. Legal statutes vary by state but generally require a uniform process for all candidates for similar jobs.
Candidates should educate themselves regarding the time that various substances can be detected in drug tests and seek help for any addiction issues. The decriminalization of marijuana in several states has resulted in a trend where some employers no longer test for marijuana use. However, it remains illegal in many states and under federal law.
Employer References. Contrary to what many job seekers believe, there are no federal laws restricting what information an employer can disclose about former employees. Ask your previous employers for copies of your employment files and inquire what your references are going to say about you.
Know Your Rights. When employers conduct a check of your background (including credit, criminal, and past employment) if they use a third party, the background check is covered by The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). The FCRA defines a background check as a consumer report. Before an employer can get a consumer report for employment purposes, they must notify you in writing and get your written consent.
More About Employment Background Checks
Here's information on what you need to know about employment law when you're job searching or when you lose your job, including wages, background checks, required employment forms, unemployment, and other related information.
Should You Volunteer Information That Might Surface with a Background Check?
If you have an issue in your background that you are certain will surface in a background check, it may be advantageous to discuss this issue with your prospective employer so that you can help shape how they will perceive this information. Problems that you have been resolved or addressed in a substantive manner are usually the easiest items to volunteer. For example, if you have a low credit rating due to irresponsible spending by a former spouse and have since separated and resolved any debt, you might volunteer that information.
If you decide to disclose any issues, the best time to do so will generally be after you have already made a positive impression through the interview.
Many Employers Conduct Background Checks: They may want information on your credit history, driving record, criminal record, and more.
Know Your State Laws: Depending on where you live, you might not have to disclose a criminal record, for example. States may also restrict how and when companies can ask for a credit report.
Find Out What Your Former Employer Will Say About You: Contrary to what many people believe, employers are not legally prohibited from sharing information about your job performance with hiring managers.
Thinking of Disclosing Issues Before They’re Discovered? The best time to do so is after you’ve made a good impression.
The information contained in this article is not legal advice and is not a substitute for such advice. State and federal laws change frequently, and the information in this article may not reflect your own state’s laws or the most recent changes to the law.