Human Intelligence Collector (35M MOS) Job Description
The Intelligence Community play an integral part for battlefield units as well as overall National Security. There are several types of “INTEL” that are received by the Intelligence Community. Some of the many types of intelligence the military uses every day are the following:
Human Intelligence (HUMINT) – Gathered from observing and interrogating people.
Signals Intelligence – Gathered from interception of communications.
Geospatial Intelligence – Gathered from satellites and aerial photography/video.
Cyber Intelligence – Gathered from the internet/hacking.
The MOS 35M – Human Intelligence collector is a needed support element of the battlefield commanders and responsible for information collection operations. They provide key Army personnel with information about the enemy force’s strengths, weaknesses, and potential battle areas. The 35M will screen human intelligence sources and documents, debrief and interrogate human intelligence sources, participate in human intelligence operations, and analyze and prepare intelligence reports primarily.
Organizing and reporting other incoming forms of intelligence to support their HUMINT research is also part of the 35M job description.
If you want to know information about the enemy forces, such as their strength, capabilities, vulnerabilities, and intentions, as well as potential battle areas, Human Intelligence Collectors are who provides this information. By conducting source operations, interrogations and debriefings to collect this information, HUMINT Collectors may work within the population of enemy territory or with detainees. It is their primary responsibility - to conduct information collection operations.
Duties of HUMINT Collector (35M)
The HUMINT Collector's duties fall into the fields of intelligence and foreign language skills with considerable overlap between the two.
- Participates in Counterintelligence Force Protection Source Operations (CFSO).
- Performs difficult interrogations.
- Debriefs U.S. prisoner of war returnees and other friendly sources to obtain information for military intelligence.
- Prepares Information Intelligence Reports, often performing difficult translations.
- Conducts debriefings and interrogations of HUMINT sources in English and foreign languages.
- Translates written foreign material and captured enemy documents into English.
- Acts as an interpreter/translator for intelligence matters and materials.
- Reviews and edits translations of foreign documents and material for accuracy and completeness.
- Conducts liaison in foreign language with Host Nation agencies.
- Interprets foreign language into English or English conversations and ensures the accurate exchange of statements, ideas, and intent.
- Screens, assesses and debriefs (in foreign language) refugees and defectors to fulfill strategic intelligence requirements.
- Assists in screenings of HUMINT sources and documents.
Training Required for HUMINT Collectors
Job training for a human intelligence collector requires 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training and 20 weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction in Fort Huachuca AZ. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and in the field where the trainee learns how to perform screenings, debriefings, and interrogations. Trainees will also learn how to prepare maps and charts, and to conduct human intelligence analysis. The trainee will also develop skills with computer systems.
Note: Some Soldiers may be selected to receive foreign language training at the Defense Language Institute.
Additional Qualifications and Requirements
- Normal color vision required.
- Must be U.S. citizen.
- A qualifying score on the Defense Language Aptitude Battery (DLAB) of 100 or above.
- A qualifying score on the English Comprehension Level Test.
- Never been a member of the U.S. Peace Corps.
- Possess good voice quality and be able to speak English without objectionable accent or speech impediments.
- Good voice quality and be able to speak English and foreign language idiomatically and without objectionable accent or impediment.
- No record of court-martial.
- No record of conviction by a civil court for any offense other than minor traffic violations.
- No information in military personnel, Provost Marshal, intelligence, or medical records which will prevent the granting of security clearance.
Formal training is mandatory, which includes completion of MOS 97E course conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Army Intelligence Center.
Human Intelligence Collectors will need to have strong language skills beyond English, and formal language training will be required. In some cases, civilian acquired language skills may satisfy language requirements.
Those interested in the Human Intelligence Collector role must be able to qualify for SECRET level security clearance.