Human Resources Manager Job Description and Salary

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The HR oversees the personnel functions of an organization including compensation, benefits, employee relations, HR information systems, training, recruitment/employment, and health/safety.

According to the latest data from the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (which calculates growth in 10-year increments), employment of HR managers is projected to grow by 9 percent between 2016 to 2026. As new companies form and organizations expand their operations, they need HR managers to oversee and administer their programs. HR managers are also required to ensure that firms adhere to changing and complex employment laws. 

Here's a look at the job description, education, training requirements, and salaries for HR managers. 

Human Resources Job Description

HR managers develop personnel policies in consultation with senior executives and department heads. HR managers also hire, train, and supervise human resource specialists and assistants. Additionally, HR managers are tasked with creating strategic recruitment and succession planning to create a workforce strong enough to meet the future goals of the organization.

HR managers work in private companies, non-profit organizations, government agencies, and educational institutions. Those employed at small organizations tend to be generalists (juggling many responsibilities) while those at larger organizations may specialize in a particular HR discipline such as employment or benefits.

Education and Training Requirements

HR managers need strong interpersonal skills. They often have to manage tough situations in the workplace that require the ability to manage people effectively. Experience and training with conflict management would be a plus. Other key skills include decisionmaking skills, leadership skills, organizational skills, and speaking skills.

Typically, HR managers have a bachelor's degree in business administration or HR management. Some managers pursue other majors in the liberal arts, such as psychology, and specialize at the master's level. Other degrees at the bachelors level that would be acceptable include finance, business management, education, or information technology. Those looking to advance further up the corporate ladder (or seeking a job with a Fortune 50 company) typically acquire an MBA with a concentration in HR management or a master's degree in HR management.


One of the key benefits of a career in HR is that there are many different opportunities to choose from. HR managers can develop advanced knowledge in specialty areas within the field such as labor relations, compensation, benefits, leadership development, employee engagement, and talent acquisition. The Society for Human Resource Management offers training modules in many of these specialized areas.

Human Resources Manager Salaries

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, HR managers earned median pay of $110,120 in 2017 or $52.94 per hour. 

HR managers involved in the management of companies and enterprises and professional, scientific, and technical services tended to have the highest salaries while managers working for local government and healthcare and social assistance received lower compensation.

The states where human resources managers earned the most in 2017 were California, New York, Illinois, Texas, and Florida. As with most occupations, candidates with certification or a master’s degree—particularly those with a concentration in HR management—have the best job prospects.