While your child is probably still a year or two away from being old enough to babysit unsupervised, being a parent's helper could be a great way to get started. Your child can help care for younger children, while a parent is still at home, but busy with other tasks.
To determine if your 10-year-old is ready for this job, you'll want to make sure you know any family your child helps, and visit the home before your child starts work.
A lawnmower is probably a little too much for a 10-year-old to handle, but that doesn't mean they can't help out in the yard. Raking leaves, watering flowers, and spreading mulch could easily be done by a 10-year-old who likes the outdoors.
Before they get started in other people's yards, get your child familiar with how to operate a garden hose, how to rake leaves, and how to identify things like poison ivy or poison oak, so they know to steer clear.
Depending on the child, a 10-year-old may be able to walk one dog at a time. It would be a task that you'll want to let them try out with an adult supervising, to make sure they can handle it. If they're not quite strong enough or otherwise not ready, they could act as an assistant to the dog walker, helping with things like cleaning up after the dog.
If there's a neighbor your family knows well who will be out of town, your 10-year-old may be able to pitch in and help. Feeding a dog or cat (and making sure they have fresh water), as well as picking up newspapers or mail are good jobs for kids this age.
Before your child starts the job, make sure you're familiar with the house, and the pets your child will be caring for.
While you may want to tie required chores to an allowance, there are probably many additional chores your child could do (and would do) if paid. Often, young children enjoy messy jobs that adults would rather avoid. Some options include car washing, dusting, cleaning outdoor furniture, and prepping foods for cooking (peeling apples, for example). Because your child is young, he or she will need instruction and some one-on-one coaching before being left alone to complete the job.
Age-Appropriate Jobs for 10-Year-Olds
Ten-year-olds are just entering the tween years, and many believe it's time for them to be treated like a big kid. They're definitely looking for more independence but aren't quite mature enough for a lot of the responsibility that goes along with it.
Still, 10-year-olds aren't too young to get an introduction to working and earning a little of their own money. It should be clear to them how they'll be allowed to spend that money, and that school is always their top priority. But 10 is a good age to start educating kids about the value of money and how much things cost.
You'll want to start small, and figure out which job might be a good fit for your 10-year-old's personality and maturity level. Whenever possible, a test-run or trial period is a good idea. But there are plenty of tasks and odd jobs that are suitable for kids this age.
Most of these jobs won't have a set pay scale, so try to find out what the going rate is in your neighborhood for pre-teens. Like any job, the more difficult and time-consuming the work is, the more likely it will pay better.