What Does a Librarian Do?

Learn About the Salary, Required Skills, & More

A Day in the Life of a Librarian

Ashley Deleon Nicole/The Balance 

Librarians select informational resources, organize them, and teach people how to use them effectively. Many work with the public, while others are behind the scenes in technical support or in administration.

Although librarians, who are also referred to as information professionals, have traditionally worked with printed resources, they've kept up with ever-evolving technology and have incorporated electronic resources such as online databases and e-books.

Librarian Duties & Responsibilities

Librarians must assume responsibility for a wide range of duties, some obvious and some that you might not have considered:

  • Understand general library practices as well as the practices of the specific library where they work
  • Respond to requests in person, over the phone, or via email to answer questions and locate information
  • Teach a variety of skills to students, particularly research skills
  • Keep up with information management trends
  • Create and publish web-based content including research tutorials, subject guides, course guides, promotional spots, and information pieces
  • Manage patrons’ access to all resources

Librarian Salary

The highest-paid librarians tend to work for colleges and universities. Hourly wages are based on a 40-hour workweek.

  • Median Annual Salary: $59,050 ($28.39/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: More than $93,050 ($44.74/hour)
  • Bottom 10% Annual Salary: Less than $34,630 ($16.65/hour)

Education, Training, & Certification

This career typically requires a master's degree and certification.

  • Education: Most librarian jobs in public, academic, or special libraries require a master's in library science (MLS) from a program accredited by the American Library Association (ALA). Librarians employed by the federal government must have an MLS. If you plan to teach in a librarian education program or aspire to a top administration position in a college or university, you'll need a doctorate in library science. Some librarians, especially those who work in academic settings, have an additional degree in the area in which they specialize.
  • Certification: Most states require public librarians to be certified. Certification for school librarians—also called school media specialists—can vary by state. Some states require that they be certified teachers, while others might stipulate that they have a master's degree in education with a specialization in library science. Other states require only an MLS.
  • Continuing Education: Many librarians take continuing education classes to keep up with changing technology.

Learn about the requirements in the state in which you plan to work using the License Finder tool from CareerOneStop.

Librarian Skills & Competencies

Specific personal qualities, called soft skills, can contribute to your success as a librarian.

  • A love and affinity for learning: You'll have to keep abreast of the rapid changes in technology.
  • Strong communication skills: This includes listening, speaking, and interpersonal skills that allow you to interact with library patrons as well as function as part of a team. You'll also need strong customer service skills.
  • Initiative: You must also be able to work independently without relying on instruction from others.

Job Outlook

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment in this field will grow as fast as the average for all occupations, at about 9 percent, from 2016 to 2026. Communities are finding new and innovative uses for libraries, which results in more staff hiring.

Work Environment

Librarians can spend a fair bit of time on the library floor and on their feet when they're assisting patrons, but the majority of their work time is spent in an office or at the circulation desk. Some might have to travel to other sites occasionally.

Work Schedule

Librarian jobs are usually full-time. Working weekends, evenings, and even some holidays is not uncommon. School librarians might have summers off, at least if they're not working for a college or university that offers summer classes.

Librarians in law libraries or who work for corporations might occasionally have to work overtime to handle pressing deadlines.

How to Get the Job


The ALA offers many resources for finding library job openings on its website.


Create a resume and cover letter that play up your strengths and set you apart from other candidates.


Human resources representatives and hiring managers often ask the same types of questions when conducting interviews. To prepare for your interview, learn what those questions are and practice the best responses to them.

Comparing Similar Jobs

Some similar jobs call for more extensive—or less extensive—education, and they pay accordingly. Figures given are median annual salaries:

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2018