Logical Thinking Definition, Skills, and Examples

Business Presentation
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What is logical thinking and why is it important to employers? The word "logic" comes from the Greek word meaning "reason." Employers place a high value on workers who display strong logical thinking or reasoning skills because their decision making is based on factual data. In most cases, organizations don’t want employees making decisions based on emotion without a basis in fact.

What Is Logical Thinking?

Logical thinkers observe and analyze phenomena, reactions, and feedback and then draw conclusions based on that input. They can justify their strategies, actions, and decisions based on the facts they gather.

Example: A sales representative modifies a presentation about a product to highlight its user-friendly qualities after receiving feedback from customers indicating that ease of use was the primary reason that they had purchased the product. 

Deductive Reasoning

Logical thinkers can also reason deductively. They can identify an acceptable premise and apply it to situations that they encounter on the job.

Example: An organization may work with a core belief that employees are more productive if they have control over the ways they carry out their responsibilities. A manager could demonstrate logical thinking using deductive reasoning by meeting with subordinates, communicating department goals, and structuring a brainstorming session for staff to decide methods for reaching those objectives.  

Examples of Logical Thinking

Conducting market research tests to gauge consumer reaction to a new product prior to devising an advertising strategy

Developing a recruiting profile for new sales representatives based on an assessment of the qualities of the company's most productive sales representatives

Recommending a strategy for quitting smoking after reviewing the latest studies on smoking cessation 

Analyzing reviews by restaurant customers prior to structuring training protocols

Surveying employees about their preferences for employee benefits before finalizing contracts with vendors

Soliciting feedback from users about their experience with software prior to creating the next generation 

Deciding whom to designate as team leader after comparing the past evidence of leadership behaviors by prospective candidates

Interviewing departing employees to uncover patterns of unwanted turnover

Reaching out to colleagues at other organizations to discover high-impact practices prior to finalizing strategy for the next cycle

Creating campaign slogans based on an assessment of hot-button issues for potential voters 

A contractor recommending extra insulation, high-efficiency heating, cooling equipment and appliances, and a passive solar design to a customer who wants the most energy-efficient home possible

Logical thinking helps all employees process facts and reason solutions rather than act on their emotions.