The need for Explosive Ordnance Disposal did not occur until during World War II, after many casualties involving ordnance that was in the ground or water and had not exploded on initial impact. The Allied Forces teamed to create programs that would "render-safe" all the unexploded ordnance found by all military members. Due to the advance of technology in bomb making, the need throughout the military was created and the first EOD school began in Washington, D.C. during the War.
In Florida, at the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Training Facility in Eglin Air Force Base (AFB), all members of the military who become explosives experts start their training at the joint service EOD training. Regardless of branch of service, the Army, Marines, Air Force, and Navy all attend the Joint Service EOD training school operated by the Department of Defense. The EOD School provides high risk, beginner and advanced explosives training to all EOD forces including some select government employees.
The United States Marine Corps is looking for mature candidates at least an E-4 in rank and be eligible to advance to E-5 however, you cannot be an E-6 in your current MOS to be eligible for EOD training. Since the school has a high attrition rate, only the best Marines can volunteer and get selected for this MOS. Also as a highly stressful occupation, like Special Ops, it is one of the jobs in the military where you can voluntarily leave the community for personal reasons if you have seen too much and are burned out from high op tempo (long deployment time per year).
Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Job Details
Type of MOS : PMOS
Rank Range: MGySgt to Sgt
Job Description: EOD technicians perform various duties that include locating, accessing, identifying, rendering safe, neutralizing, and disposing of hazards from foreign and domestic, conventional, chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high yield explosives (CBRNE) unexploded explosive ordnance (UXO), improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and weapons of mass destruction (WMD that present a threat to operations, installations, personnel, or materiel).
Annual refresher training is required and EOD members are screened to ensure that they are current with the bomb making technology of the enemy.
- Must possess a GT score of 110 or higher.
- Must meet all requirements for assignment to a critical position within the Nuclear Weapons Personnel Reliability Program; refer to SECNAVINST 5510.35.
- Must be fully screened per MCO 3571.2, using the current revision of the HQMC-approved EOD screening Checklist.
- Must have a first class Physical Fitness Test (PFT) (accomplished during EOD screening process).
- Be a volunteer in the grade of sergeant or corporal in any MOS. Sergeants must not be selected for Staff Sergeant in their current MOS.
- Must have normal color vision and no claustrophobic tendencies. (Bomb suit agility test will be administered during the EOD screening.)
- Must be a U.S. citizen.
- Must be qualified for an Explosive Driver's License as well as Emergency Vehicle Operator's License.
- Must be a graduate of the EOD Basic Course (CIN N56GPX).
- Must have a final secret security clearance based on a Single Scope Background Investigation (SSBI)
- Must be qualified to handle Arms, Ammunition and Explosives (AA and E)
- In the performance of their duties, must be physically qualified for an Explosive Driver's License as well as Emergency Vehicles Operators License, as per NAVSEA SWO 20-AF-ABK-010.
- The following core competencies must be sustained:
- Advanced electronics.
- Advanced EOD Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP)
- Specialized Demolition.
- Post Blast Investigation.
- Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).
- Improvised Explosive Devices (IED)
- UXO clearance.
The Joint Service EOD Course in Eglin AFB is Comprised of the Following Sections
Demolition Division - Includes how to make various explosive firing trains
Tools & Methods Division - Teaches you the various tools and methods of EOD work
Core Division - Teaches you the basic fundamentals of EOD work
Ground Ordnance Division - Focuses on projected munitions and grenades
Air Ordnance Division - Focuses on bombs and missiles
Improvised Explosive Device (IED) - Includes “homemade bombs”
Bio/Chem Division - Includes lessons on various biological and chemical agents
Nuclear Ordnance Division - Covers basic nuclear physics and radiation monitoring and decontamination procedures
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) - Includes nuclear, chemical, biological, radiological weapons
Each section teaches how to "render-safe" or defuse ordnance.
Above information derived from MCBUL 1200, parts 2 and 3