An official evaluation of physical health, ability, and endurance—known as the Navy Physical Fitness Assessment—is conducted twice a year throughout each service member’s Navy career. The first test is conducted during the in-processing of the military either at Recruit Training (Boot Camp) or Officer Training.
Once you join the military, meeting the established fitness and health requirements is now part of your job and active duty members will receive the PFA / PRT twice a year. Although the specific numbers will vary depending on age (and gender), soldiers are expected to stay in shape in order to pass the physical fitness tests without difficulty.
The Navy PFA Standards
Specifically, the PFA consists of a standard medical screening, a Body Composition Assessment (BCA) and the Physical Readiness Test (PRT) of pushups, situps, and a 1.5-mile run or a 500-meter swim.
The U.S. Navy conducts its Navy Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) twice a year for each service member. No matter your age or rank, you will have to take part in the bi-annual PFA program.
The Navy’s fitness assessment consists of the following exercises with specifics guidelines to performing proper repetitions:
- Push-ups: The military member will lower his/her entire body until arms bend to at least 90 degrees while keeping shoulders, back, buttocks, and legs aligned and parallel to the deck in the down position. Then straighten his/her arms to the UP position. Repeat as many times as you can for two minutes
- Curl-ups (sit-ups): The military member will lie on his back with feet flat on the floor, knees bent so the heels are about 10-12 inches from buttocks. Place hands across the chest and lift your shoulders off the deck so that your elbows can touch your legs. Repeat touching elbows to legs and shoulder blades to deck for two minutes
- 1.5-mile run: The run/walk consists of running or walking 1.5 miles as quickly as possible on a track, flat surface, or treadmill
- Swim 500 meters: During basic training swimming is not an option. All recruits or midshipmen who are attending their basic training are measured by performing push-ups, curl-ups (sit-ups) and running 1.5 miles. For subsequent fitness evaluations, the sailor may choose either the 1.5-mile run or the 500-meter swim.
Determining Navy PRT Scores
Prior to the test, service members receive medical evaluations and must obtain clearance to take the assessment. The Navy PRT score is determined by averaging the scores of the three fitness events
To graduate boot camp, a sailor needs an overall category of "Good (Low)," which means their average in three events must be 60 points or greater.
After boot camp, to pass the periodic Navy fitness test, a sailor needs to be in the Satisfactory (Medium) category, or above, which means they must have an average score of at least 50.