Installation Overview -- Joint Base San Antonio - Fort Sam Houston

Joint Base San Antonio in San Antonio, Texas includes the Army's Fort Sam Houston, Randolph Air Force Base and Lackland Air Force Base. The three were merged into Joint Base San Antonio in 2010, which at the time was the largest Department of Defense installation.

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Overview of Joint Base San Antonio

Soldier doing fitness at Joint Base San Antonio
Courtesy Army Medicine / flickr

The base operates under the jurisdiction of the Air Force 502nd Air Base Wing, Air Education and Training Command (AETC). 

The mission of the wing is to meet the needs of all three installations of JBSA, their missions, and people and to optimize installation support while maximizing opportunities for greater joint military and community cooperation. This mission is carried out through the Mission Support Group located on each JBSA base.

 

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Fort Sam Houston

Fort Sam Houston was founded in 1845, and named for General Sam Houston, hero of the battle of San Jacinto and first president of the Republic of Texas. Fort Sam Houston is unique among Army posts. On one hand, it is a major, active military installation and plays a vital role in the defense of the United States. On the other hand, it contains some of the oldest structures on any Army installation. Two of those sights are the Pershing House and The Quadrangle. This blend of old and new gives today's soldiers a share of the post's history which dates back more than 150 years.

Fort Sam Houston, the "Home of Army Medicine", has a major medical treatment facility, medical research, and education activities, as well as medical training and operations commands that support worldwide Army medical care for Soldiers and their families. 

The U.S. Army has maintained a presence in the San Antonio since 1845 when the Army first used the Alamo complex as a headquarters and leased buildings in San Antonio to support smaller cavalry posts in Texas and throughout the Southwest. Fort Sam Houston was founded and named after General Sam Houston, hero of the battle of San Jacinto and first president of the Republic of Texas. The installation has performed five distinct and important roles: that of a headquarters, logistical base, mobilization and training site, garrison and provider of medical support. Fort Sam Houston is unique among Army posts as it is a major, active military installation and plays a vital role in the defense of the United States as well as being one of the Army's most historic, responsible for over 900 buildings and site features eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places.

The primary mission at Fort Sam Houston is medical training and support.

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Population/Major Units Assigned

Joint Base San Antonio Best Warrior Competition
Courtesy U.S. Army IMCOM / flickr

As a whole, Joint Base San Antonio supports a population of 80,000 and supports students at three installations annually of up to 138,000.

The post is the home of the U.S. Army North, Institute of Surgical Research, Army Medical Department Center and School, Army Medical Command, U.S. Army South, U.S. Veterinary Command, Great Plains Regional Medical Command, Installation Management Command, Military Entrance Processing Station, 5th Recruiting Brigade, San Antonio Military Medical Center (SAMMAC) and 502nd Air Base Wing. Fort Sam Houston provides facilities and support for the activities of garrison units and other tenant organizations.

JBSA-FSH provides facilities and support for the activities of garrison units and other tenant organizations. The post also supports the thousands of Army Reserve and National Guard soldiers who train there year round.

Together with Camp Stanley, Camp Bullis is part of the Leon Springs Military Reservation. Camp Bullis has provided firing ranges, training areas, and logistics support to JBSA-FSH and other active and reserve component units in South Texas for nearly 100 years. Its most frequent users are the Army Medical Department Center and School, Defense Medical Readiness Training Institute, Air Force Ground Combat Skills School and Army units stationed at Fort Sam Houston. There ​are currently 130 military personnel stationed at Bullis.

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Schools

The newcomer to San Antonio is often surprised to find the city has so many public school districts, each independently administrated and accredited by the Texas Education Agency in Austin.

The San Antonio metropolitan area has approximately 23 independent school districts (ISD). Every school district has a school board and a superintendent. Funding is by state and federal funds, and by local property taxes levied by each school district.

Fort Sam Houston (JBSA-FSH) has one elementary school, one middle school and one high school on post, overseen by Fort Sam Houston Independent School District. Other school districts include the Randolph Field ISD and North East ISD.

The state of Texas allows homeschooling with few restrictions. The San Antonio area has a large and active homeschooling population with many support services for parents who choose this option.

In Texas, children must be five years old on or before 1 September to be enrolled in the kindergarten program. Children must be six years old, on or before September 1 of the year the child enters the first grade.

Enrollment Requirements

Certificate of immunization, copy of birth certificate, Social Security card for the student, report card from the previous school, other school records from the previous school.

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Medical Care

Brooke Army Medical Center
Official Army

The San Antonio Military Medical Center (SAMMC) is the Army's most modern health care facility and the Army's only Level 1 Trauma Center. There are 450 inpatient beds of which 48 are ICU beds and 40 are dedicated to the Institute of Surgical Research. The hospital includes 12 operating rooms, five oral surgery suites, four dental rooms. The hospital information: 210-916-4141, DSN 312-429-4141.

SAMMC is one of the Nation’s premier medical facilities, offering highly sophisticated medical care for service members, family members, civilians, and veterans. SAMMC is a 425-bed, state-of-the-art medical facility, playing a critical role in patient care, as well as taking care of Wounded Warriors in Transition from the Global War on Terrorism. The medical center is also the only stateside DOD Level I Trauma Center and receives more than 5,700 emergency room visits each month. Co-located on the BAMC campus is the world renowned Army Institute of Surgical Research, which operates the only DOD Burn Center — the Army Burn Center.

The Fort Sam Houston Installation Hospital - Brooke Army Medical Center is a modern state-of-the-art, health care facility that provides Level 1 Trauma and Graduate Medical Education. The physical appearance and efficiency of space throughout the hospital creates a user-friendly, high-quality health care environment for patients, their families and health care providers.

Located in the eastern sector of Fort Sam Houston, this ultra modern facility, incorporating many high technology features, is six times larger than the old Main Hospital. The Medical Center complex houses seven buildings, with a total of 1,473 million square feet of operational space and one million square feet of interstitial space. It includes a medical treatment facility, a medical research laboratory, and a central energy plant. The multi-storied medical treatment facility is the primary structure in the medical complex. There are 450 inpatient beds of which 48 are ICU beds and 40 are dedicated to the Institute of Surgical Research. The Hospital is capable of expanding to 651 beds if needed to support wartime mobilization.

The hospital includes 12 operating rooms, five oral surgery suites, four dental rooms, a diagnostic and therapeutic radiology center, a same-day surgery suite and the requisite outpatient clinic and ancillary support services. The auditorium on the fourth floor seats 278 and the dining facility on the lower level seats 198.

The Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) has transitioned to San Antonio Military Medical Center (SAMMC) and Wilford Hall Medical Center changed the name to Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center on Sep 15th. SAMMC construction projects included a new 760,000-square-foot consolidated tower, renovations to BAMC, a 5,000-space parking garage, central energy plant and the Fort Sam Houston Primary Care Clinic at a total cost of about $802.3 million. SAMMC will be the largest inpatient health care facility in the Department of Defense and will continue to be military's only level-one trauma center.