Different Resume Types

The word "resume" on a typewritten page
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There are several basic types of resumes you can use to apply for job openings. You can choose to write a chronological, functional, combination, or a targeted resume. Each resume type is used for different purposes. Therefore, when deciding which type of resume to use, you have to think about your circumstances.

Chronological Resume

A chronological resume starts by listing your work history, with the most recent position listed first.

Below your most recent job, you list your other jobs in reverse chronological order. Employers typically prefer this type of resume because it's easy to see what jobs you have held and when you have worked at them. This is the most common resume type.

This type of resume works well for job seekers with a strong, solid work history. If you are starting your career, or if you are changing career fields, you might consider a different resume type.​

Functional Resume

A functional resume focuses on your skills and experience, rather than on your chronological work history. Instead of having a “work history” section at the top of your resume, you might have a “professional experience” or “accomplishments” section that lists various skills that you have developed over the years.

A functional resume also sometimes includes a resume summary or headline at the top, which details a person’s skills and achievements.

A functional resume might not include one’s employment history at all or might have a concise list of work history at the bottom of the resume.

Functional resumes are used most often by people who are changing careers or who have gaps in their employment history. It is also useful for people who are new to the workforce, have limited work experience, or who have a gap in their employment.

By highlighting skills rather than work history, one can emphasize that he or she is qualified for the job.​

Combination Resume

A combination resume is a mix between a chronological resume and a functional resume. At the top of the resume is a list of one’s skills and qualifications. Below this is one’s chronological work history. However, the work history is not the focus of the resume and typically does not take up much space on the resume.

With this type of resume, you can highlight the skills you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for, and also provide your chronological work history. After all, most employers want to see your chronological work history, even if that history is not very extensive.

This kind of resume helps you highlight what makes you the best fit for the job, while still giving the employer all the information he or she wants.​

Infographic Resume

Infographic resumes include graphic design elements in addition to or instead of text. A traditional resume uses text to list a candidate's work experience, education, and skills, while an infographic resume uses layout, color, design, formatting, icons, and font styling to organize content.​

Resume With Profile

A resume with a profile section includes a concise summary of an applicant’s skills, experiences, and goals as they relate to a specific job.

This summary (typically no more than a couple of sentences long) helps the candidate “sell” herself to the company to which she is applying.

Adding a profile is helpful for almost any applicant. If you have extensive experience, a profile can concisely explain that experience to the hiring manager right away. If you have limited work experience, a profile can help you highlight the skills that you do have.

Targeted Resume

A targeted resume is a resume that is customized to specifically highlight the experience and skills you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for. It takes more work to write a targeted resume than to click to apply to your existing resume. However, it's well worth the effort, especially when applying for jobs that are a perfect match for your qualifications and experience.

Try to write a targeted resume for every job. Employers can easily see when you submit a generic resume, rather than thinking about why you are qualified for that specific job.

Nontraditional Resume

A nontraditional resume is a unique version of your resume that may include photos, graphics, images, graphs and other visuals. It might be an online resume, or a physical resume with infographics, as mentioned above. It could also be a video or a resume on a social networking website.

Nontraditional resumes are ideal for people in creative fields, who want to demonstrate their ability to create visually engaging designs or to create web pages. It can be a good way for a job candidate to stand out from the crowd in professions like design, web design, journalism, and more.

Mini Resume

mini resume contains a brief summary of your career highlights qualifications. It only contains the information that is most specific to the job you are applying for or the industry you are interested in.

In most cases, your traditional long-form resume will be appropriate. A mini resume, however,  comes in handy at job fairs or networking events when you're meeting with many people and want to leave them with something more than a business card, but less bulky than a full resume.

You can use the mini resume when you're networking and want a contact to pass on your information to a hiring manager or recruiter. Your goal is to provide the basics a company needs to decide whether it should pursue you as a candidate.

Having on hand a mini resume in the format of a business card can be useful since it's easy to carry and you can pass it on to potential employers, clients, and business contacts you meet unexpectedly.   Arranged thoughtfully, the mini resume can impart far more information than your basic business card.

Mini Resume Template

Contact Information 
The first section of your resume should include information on how the employer can contact you, or this contact information can be printed on the front of a standard-size business card with your career highlights on the back. (A professional printer may be able to generate a slightly larger card if you have more information than can fit on a standard business card—but remember, your goal is conciseness.)

First Last Name
Street Address
City, State Zip
Phone (Cell/Home)
Email Address

Career Highlights

Mini Resume Sample #1

Janet Miller
848 Excelsior Circle
Stanford, MI 09991
999-999-9999
jmiller@abcd.com

Career Coach

  • Certified Workforce Development Professional with 14 years experience as a Career Specialist
  • Ability to provide career counseling, coaching, and job seeker services
  • Expertise at identifying values, developing possible career paths, and proposing strategies for entering a career

Mini Resume Sample #2

John Smith
848 Abbott Road
Stillfield, CT 08888
999-999-9998
jsmith@abcd.com

Computer Programmer

  • Five years experience in successful design, development, and support of live-use applications
  • C++, Java, C, ASP.NET, SQL, MS Visual Studio, Eclipse, JBoss, Tomcat
  • Certifications: CCNA, Unicenter Certified Engineer