Science Job Titles

125+ Science Industry Job Titles

Female scientist in lab
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Perhaps you are interested in a career in science but don’t know what types of jobs are available. Or perhaps you have a job already, but your title doesn’t describe what you do or is otherwise problematic. You can use the following list to get a sense of the types of job available. 

Types of Job in the Sciences

Most jobs in science are either academic, government, or industrial. That is, you might work for a college or university, or you could work for a government agency, or you could work for a private company. 

Science is also divided into different sciences, like chemistry or botany, for example. Each sub-set can actually then be subdivided again. It is impossible for any one person to know all of science, there's way too much of it! So before beginning your career, you will need to decide which science you want to pursue.

A further axis of variation is educational level. A technician, lab assistant, or field assistant might be hired with no prior experience or training at all, though that is unusual. Some organizations make frequent use of unpaid volunteers who, again, might have no prior experience. At the other end of the spectrum are professorships and other positions that require a Ph.D. For many regulatory or industrial jobs, a masters’ degree is the standard.

It is worth noting that all of these divisions are flexible. Employers sometimes make exceptions for people who don’t have the required degree but are highly qualified otherwise. Conversely, some technicians or assistants have advanced degrees. Some individuals bridge academic divisions, such as a forester who teaches botany or plant ecology. And position titles sometimes reflect realities other than the job description. For example, since the dawn of the environmental movement, many regulatory jobs have had the word “ecologist” inserted in their titles, even though the job descriptions themselves did not change.

Academic Jobs

Jobs in academia generally involve teaching, but sometimes teaching is the core responsibility, while other positions might require active involvement in research. Job titles seldom reflect the distinction. Titles include professor, assistant professor, adjunct professor, and lecturer. Modifiers like “of botany” are seldom part of the title but are simply understood from context. Some universities have longer titles for some position - “The Jane K. Smith Chair of Botany and Plant Ecology,” to create a hypothetical example.

Technicians, assistants, field researchers, and interns also belong to academia, if they work for professors. Such positions are usually filled by graduate students who may or may not be paid.

Science teachers in primary and secondary schools are not considered part of academia.

Government Jobs

Many government jobs are regulatory and include tasks such as testing water samples for pollution levels. Others involve conducting surveys of various kinds, such as determining how many square miles of a certain forest type exist in a given state. Such positions exist at both the state and federal levels, and sometimes at the local level as well. Titles include state ecologist, water resource specialist, or aquatic animal health inspector.

Some government agencies, such as the military or the National Park Service, conduct their own scientific research, although the career tracks for academic and government science jobs are often quite separate and standards for documentation and career advancement differ between the two. Titles for these positions often include military or civil service rank. For example, a GPS specialist might also be a G10 National Park Service ranger.

Industrial and Non-Profit Jobs

Businesses in a wide variety of fields, such as pharmaceuticals, engineering, wetland remediation, logging, mining, and fossil fuels employ scientists in a variety of capacities. Non-profit organizations, especially those in the environmental or medical fields, also employ scientists in research, education, or to help interpret current research to draft organizational policy. Career tracks often include both academic and industrial or non-profit positions, sometimes simultaneously, and many non-academic employees publish research in scientific journals, just as people in academia do.

Miscellaneous Science Jobs

There are a large number of positions that involve science but do not fit into any of the above categories. These include science teachers, research librarians, science writers, science journalists, and science educators. These positions may or may not require science degrees and typically do not involve scientific research, although again, fully trained scientists sometimes occupy these jobs. Conversely, career paths often begin in science and end up in management or administration, or occasionally, politics.

Thus, there are fully qualified scientists who have job titles such as Director of Outreach and Member Services or Vice President of Alumni Relations. Science, as stated, is fluid.

This comprehensive list of job titles in the science industry can help you narrow down your career interests.

Science Job Titles 

A - D

  • Analyst
  • Analytical Lab Technician
  • Analytical Services Chemist
  • Assay Development Specialist
  • Assistant Field Technician
  • Assistant Technician
  • Associate Professor
  • Bioanalytical Scientist
  • Biochemist
  • Bioinformatics Research Scientist
  • Biology Professor
  • Business Analyst
  • Business System Analyst
  • Cell Biology Scientist
  • Cell Line Development Manager
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Chemical Technician
  • Climate Data Analyst
  • Clinical Data Research
  • Clinical Pharmacology Professor
  • Clinical Pharmacy Assistant
  • Clinical Research Associate
  • Clinical Research Coordinator
  • Clinical Research Director
  • Compliance Technician
  • Computational Chemistry Manager
  • Computer Programmer
  • Computing Consultant
  • Conservation Technician
  • Development Technologist
  • Drug Evaluator
  • Drug Regulatory Affairs Manager

E - L

  • Environmental Data Analyst
  • Environmental Emergencies Assistant
  • Environmental Emergencies Planner
  • Environmental Health Scientist
  • Environmental Project Analyst
  • Environmental Research Assistant
  • Environmental Scientist
  • Environmental Services Representative
  • Environmental Specialist
  • Exploration Director
  • Field Applications Specialist
  • Field Technician
  • Financial Analyst
  • Forensic Chemist
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Gene Editing Manager
  • Genetic Counselor
  • Grants/Proposal Writer
  • Groundwater Technician
  • Hardware Designer
  • Health Research Assistant
  • Health Technology Assistant
  • Hospital Accounting Analyst
  • Hospital Research Assistant
  • Human Factors Engineer
  • Immunology Scientist
  • Industrial Designer
  • IT Support Staff
  • Institutional Research Director
  • Insurance Representative
  • Intranet Specialist
  • Intranet Support
  • Junior Analyst
  • Laboratory Assistant
  • Laboratory Instructor
  • Laboratory Manager
  • Laboratory Technician

M - R

  • Market Access Analyst
  • Market Access Associate
  • Marketing Consultant
  • Medical Communications Director
  • Medical Physics Researcher
  • Medical Research Assistant
  • Medical Research Technician
  • Medical Scientist
  • Medical Services Assistant
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Molecular Scientist
  • Oncology Researcher
  • Operations Clerk
  • Operations Research Analysis Manager
  • Operations Section Manager
  • Operations Supervisor
  • Operations Team Leader
  • Operations Unit Manager
  • Organic Lab Research Assistant
  • Organic Lab Worker
  • Pharmaceutical Assistant
  • Pharmaceutical Marketing Assistant
  • Pharmaceutical Research Analyst
  • Pharmaceutical Research Assistant
  • Pharmaceutical Research Technician
  • Pharmaceutical Technician
  • Pharmacovigilance Supervisor
  • Pharmacy Affairs Assistant
  • Pharmacy Assistant
  • Pharmacy Innovation Assistant
  • Power Regulator
  • Process Engineer
  • Process Inspector
  • Process Research Manager
  • Product Engineer
  • Product Test Specialist
  • Production Team Leader
  • Production Test Supervisor
  • Professional Programs Assistant
  • Project Manager
  • Public Health Specialist
  • Quality Assistant
  • Quality Assurance Manager
  • Quality Assurance Technologist
  • Quality Control Analyst
  • Quality Control Manager
  • Quality Control Supervisor
  • Regulatory Affairs Associate
  • Regulatory Affairs Director
  • Regulatory Officer
  • Rehabilitation Engineering Assistant
  • Reimbursement Analyst
  • Research Assistant
  • Research Chemist
  • Research Team Leader
  • Research Technician
  • Research and Development Associate
  • Research and Development Chemist
  • Research and Development Director
  • Research and Development Manager
  • Research and Development Supervisor
  • Research and Development Technician
  • Research and Development Tester
  • Research and Innovation Manager
  • Research Scientist
  • Researcher
  • Retail Analyst
  • Safety Data Specialist
  • Sales Analyst
  • Satellite Data Analyst
  • Science Technician
  • Scientific Artist
  • Scientific Programmer
  • Scientific Project Manager
  • Scientific Writer
  • Senior Pharmacy Student
  • Software Developer
  • Software Engineering Assistant
  • Solid Waste Field Technician
  • Special Projects Coordinator
  • Statistician
  • Stem Cell Researcher
  • STEM Career Advisor
  • Structural Biologist
  • Structural Engineer
  • Systems Analyst

T - Z

  • Technical Application Specialist
  • Technical Support Technician
  • Technical Writer
  • Technology Research Analyst
  • Technology Research Manager
  • Technology Specialist
  • Therapeutic Director
  • Total Quality Management Director
  • Total Quality Manager
  • Toxicologist
  • Transportation Project Manager