Summer Job or Internship—What's Best for College Students?
Whether you should get a job or an internship during your college break depends on your individual situation. If you're trying to decide, then start by figuring out exactly what you're looking to get out of the experience. You can do that by asking yourself some questions:
What are your immediate needs? What are your long-term goals? Do you want to gain experience in a certain field? Are you looking to make money? Do you want to start making professional connections? Do you want to receive college credit? Are you exploring whether or not you want to enter a certain line of work? Are you looking for a job you can return to during future breaks from school?
Once you've determined what you're looking for, consider the advantages and disadvantages that summer jobs and paid or unpaid internships have to offer—and pick the option that aligns the most with your goals.
Comparing Summer Jobs vs. Internships
Guaranteed to make money
Likely to make less money than at an internship
Can't offer college credit
Standard application process
Generally easy to get
Good networking and connections for future positions
Possibility of returning during future breaks
May not connect to your field of study
Likely to make more money than a summer job
Possibility of making no money at all
May receive college credit
Can be more difficult to get
Good networking and connections for future positions
Unlikely to return for a second internship at the same company
Growth and exploration in the field that you're studying
Students who work in paid internships are likely to make more money than those who work in standard summer jobs. According to the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE), the average hourly wage for a paid intern in 2019 was $19.05 per hour. That's higher than the $16.38 hourly average for teen summer jobs in 2019, as reported by ZipRecruiter.
However, if your internship is unpaid, then you won't be making money at all. But you may also be eligible to receive course credits for an internship—which, if transferable, will save you some tuition money. That's usually not an option in a standard job.
Getting just any summer job can be relatively easy, meaning that you go through a standard application and interview process. Internships can be more competitive and demanding, and you usually have to start applying for them much sooner than you would a standard summer job. And while students are often welcome to return to the same job during each break from school, the same doesn't necessarily apply to internship positions.
Both a summer job and an internship can help you build your network and make professional connections that can be beneficial to your future career growth. However, that's more likely to happen in an internship, which aligns with your field of study.
If you go the standard job route, then you may end up in something like a retail job that doesn't have anything to do with what you're going to school for. But if you're just looking to make money doing something relatively easy with flexible hours, then that wouldn't necessarily matter.
Paid and Unpaid Internships
Potential compensation can be the biggest difference between a summer job and an internship.
The Highest Paying Internships
Glassdoor.com publishes an annual list of companies with the highest paying internships. Facebook topped the 2019 list at $8,000 per month, with Amazon in second place at $7,725 monthly.
If you take a standard summer job through an employer, then there's usually no question about whether or not you'll get paid. For an internship, it gets a little bit trickier: Employers only have to pay you for an internship if you're considered an employee—and not all interns are.
So how do you know if an unpaid internship is legitimate? Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, the U.S. Department of Labor outlines the following seven guidelines for unpaid internships:
- The internship, even though it includes the actual operation of the facilities of the employer, is similar to training which would be given in an educational environment.
- The internship experience is for the benefit of the intern.
- The intern does not displace regular employees but works under the close supervision of existing staff.
- The employer that provides the training derives no immediate advantage from the activities of the intern, and on occasion, its operations may actually be impeded.
- The intern is not necessarily entitled to a job at the conclusion of the internship.
- The employer and the intern understand that the intern is not entitled to wages for the time spent in the internship.
It's wise to consider all the possible benefits of an internship before deciding if forgoing income in an unpaid position is worth it. Sometimes, what an unpaid internship lacks in financial reward it can make up in connections, references, recommendations, and course credits.
On the flip side, students who work paid internships are more likely to get job offers after graduation than those who work unpaid internships, according to NACE. The association's research shows that 66.4% of 2019 graduates who had a paid internship received a job offer, while 43.7% of unpaid interns received one.
Getting Ready for Summer Work
You should begin looking for a summer job or internship as early as winter break. If you don't have an updated LinkedIn profile, then you should jump on that right away. Many employers will take a look at your LinkedIn to get an idea of who you are and what experience you have, as well as see any recommendations from former employers. Also, be sure to clean up all of your public social media profiles.
The best way to get started looking for an internship is to contact anyone and everyone you know who works in the field or fields that are of interest. Also, find out if the school you're attending has any internship programs with companies in your field.
Start looking a few months before the school year is over to get the most options and available positions on the radar. It's important to convey to a prospective employer eagerness, enthusiasm and commitment to an internship, especially in highly competitive fields.
If you're looking for a summer job, then you may be able to get away with looking a bit later. Ideally, you'll be aiming for something that looks good on your resume or is in your area of study. One option to consider is signing up with online sites such as Tutor.com, Yup.com, Care.com or several others to tutor in the subjects that you're studying.
Whether it's a paid internship, unpaid internship, part-time job or full-time work, showing initiative and motivation to continue to learn and improve skills during the summer break will help you expand your resumes and broaden your knowledge.