Important Tech Skills for Resumes & Cover Letters

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“Technology” is a very broad topic. Tech skills include almost any way of making anything, from building a computer to sharpening a stick. But most of the time when people talk about tech, they mean computers and digital technology. Of course, that is still a big topic, because the digital economy is massive, and still growing rapidly. That's good news for you if you have the skills necessary to work in this field.

Most tech positions require certain skills you should highlight on your resume, including detail-orientation, logical thinking, good organizational skills, the ability to work well on a team, basic understanding of coding languages, and a passion for learning. The field is always changing, and if you do not love to learn, you will not be able to keep up.

What Are Tech Skills?

Within the tech field, there are many different sub-fields with slightly different required skill sets. For example, programming languages you will need for various tech jobs could vary or include several different languages. Different soft skills or non-tech skills may also be required.

Career tracks also vary depending on what type of position you have within the tech field. Skill requirements, education requirements, and pay scales are not the same everywhere. For most positions, however, a relevant four-year degree or completion of a programming boot camp should be enough to get you started, and some employers will even accept an associate’s degree.

Types of Technology Skills

Programming and Application Development

Programmers develop new software. They also customize the programming code and maintain and update existing systems.

Knowing the right programming languages and having the communication skills to understand exactly what the software needs to be able to do are critical.

This skill set is very much in demand and salaries are high and extremely competitive, both as a freelancer or as a payroll employee.

Tech Support

Tech support generally means being on call in case someone has a problem using their computer or computer software. The job may also involve helping your employer make tech-related purchasing decisions, such as what type of software to invest in to meet a given need.

You will have to be familiar with all relevant software and hardware options, of course, but you will also need excellent people skills to explain your reasoning by your recommendations. If someone calls you to complain that their machine won’t work when they forgot to turn it on, you’ll have to help them without being condescending. While some tech support jobs are entry-level, compensation can be very good.


Many companies hire experts to design and maintain digital security systems and practices. The objective is to keep the company safe from malware of various types. Besides the expected familiarity with multiple programming languages and information systems, cybersecurity specialists must also have one or more certifications. As cyber-criminals get ever-more sophisticated, cybersecurity must as well. If that’s you, you’ll be very much in demand.

  • Information Security Analyst
  • Cyber Security
  • Malware Prevention and Detection
  • System Reboot
  • Ethical Hacking
  • Compliance
  • IP Setup
  • Wireless Modems/Routers

Business Analytics

In the Information Age, more and more companies are turning to data to provide insights into customer behavior and industry trends to inform decision making. But data alone is worthless without human analysis. People who can perform that type of analysis typically have backgrounds in math, statistics, and engineering, as well as understanding business and knowing relevant programming languages.

  • Data Scientist
  • Big Data
  • Data Mining
  • SQL
  • NoSQL
  • Database Management
  • Tables and Queries

Web Development

Web developers build websites. Although just about anyone can build a website using a template, creating a site from scratch provides a much wider variety of design options and requires someone with experience in both programming and graphic design. Web development is a rapidly growing field, and demand for these services is projected to continue to grow significantly in the near future.

More Tech Skills

How to Make Your Skills Stand Out

Add Relevant Skills to Your Resume: You can use skills lists to determine whether a certain type of job is a good match for you, and you can also use the names of skills as keywords in your resume or other application materials.

Highlight Skills in Your Cover Letter: When you write your cover letter, call attention to some of your relevant skills. For programming jobs, many employers will want to see a portfolio of projects you’ve designed.

Mention Your Tech Skills in Job Interviews: Be prepared to give specific examples of times you embodied these skills since your interviewer will likely ask.