U.S. Army Physical Fitness Requirements

Physical Fitness Charts for Males Age 27-31

men running in army physical fitness test (APFT)
••• Image courtesy army.mil

Standby Soldiers!  The new Army Combat Fitness Test is being tested and evaluated and looks like it is on schedule to be a replacement for the current Army Physical Fitness Test by the end of 2019 or beginning of 2020. The need for age groups or male and female standards are no longer required as the battlefield does not care about age or gender. The new fitness test called the Army Combat Fitness Test are the following events: 

The New Army Combat Fitness Test

​1. Deadlift - This is a three-repetition maximum deadlift using a hex bar.  

​2. Standing Power Throw - Throw a 10-pound medicine ball as far as possible over the head and to the rear. 

​3. Hand-Raised Push-ups - Still have to do pushups, but now you have to add a lift of your hands off the floor when in the down (chest to ground) position each repetition. 

​4. A 250-Meter Sprint, Drag and Carry - This is five different tests within one event -- a 50-meter sprint; a backward 50-meter drag of a 90-pound sled; a 50-meter movement; a 50-meter carry of two 40-pound kettle bells; and a final 50-meter sprint.

​5. Leg Tuck - Is a hanging knee up from a pullup bar bringing the knees to the elbows multiple times. 

​6. Two-Mile Run - Some things never change.  Soldiers still have to run 2 miles for their cardio vascular endurance test. 

Occupational Physical Assessment Test

After Basic Combat Training, the soldiers will be tasked to take the Occupational Physical Assessment Test - which will determine how physically demanding of a job training (AIT) the new soldier will be able to attend.  The OPAT are the following fitness events:

The OPAT measures muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, explosive power and speed. The tests used to measure these elements of tactical fitness include: (official Army Video of the OPAT)

1 - Standing Long Jump – This is the standard broad jump with no running to build momentum.

2 - Seated Power Throw is a forward throw with both arms while seated using a 4.4 pound (2kg) medicine ball the size of a basketball. 

3 - Strength Deadlift is the standard lift of weight (using a hex bar not a barbell) from the floor to a standing position. Start with 120lbs. and build up to 220lbs.

4 – Interval Run (Beep Test) is a short distance interval run designed to assess aerobic capacity. The intervals are only 20m apart and you start each 20m run on the sound of "beeps" that intervals decrease with time. 

The Current Army Physical Fitness Test

The below section is the current Army Physical Fitness Test and the male standard for ages 27-31. 

The U.S. Army measures physical aptitude through the Army Physical Fitness Test, or APFT, which requires soldiers to complete three events: two minutes of push-ups, two minutes of sit-ups, and a two-mile run.

Scoring on the APFT is based on  age category, gender, number of repetitions performed of the push-up and sit-up, and run time. The score for each event ranges from 0 to 100 points. Soldiers need to score at least a 60 to pass the test. APFT standards may be tougher for some special purpose units.

Scores of 270 or above on the APFT -- with a minimum score of 90 in each event -- earn soldiers the Physical Fitness badge.

However, this test has been widely criticized for not adequately measuring strength and endurance. For this reason, in 2011 the Army piloted the Army Physical Readiness Test (APRT) on more than 10,000 soldiers, but eventually decided to stick with the APFT test.

U.S. Physical Fitness Charts for Males Age 27-31

While the APFT test is still being used, the following charts show the number of repetitions and scores needed for men ages 27 to 31 to pass the test. Standards vary by age and gender, and the standards have been criticized  due to the differences in passing scores for men and women.

Push-ups

Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score
77 100 57 79 37 58 17 37
76 99 56 78 36 57 16 36
75 98 55 77 35 56 15 35
74 97 54 76 34 55 14 34
73 96 53 75 33 54 13 33
72 95 52 74 32 53 12 32
71 94 51 73 31 52 11 31
70 93 50 72 30 50 10 29
69 92 49 71 29 49 9 28
68 91 48 69 28 48 8 27
67 89 47 68 27 47 7 26
66 88 46 67 26 46 6 25
65 87 45 66 25 45 5 24
64 86 44 65 24 44 4 23
63 85 43 64 23 43 3 22
62 84 42 63 22 42 2 21
61 83 41 62 21 41 1 20
60 82 40 61 20 40
59 81 39 60 19 39
58 80 38 59 18 38

Sit-Ups

Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score
82 100 66 83 50 65 34 48
81 99 65 82 49 64 33 47
80 98 64 81 48 63 32 46
79 97 63 79 47 62 31 45
78 96 62 78 46 61 30 44
77 95 61 77 45 60 29 43
76 94 60 76 44 59 28 42
75 92 59 75 43 58 27 41
74 91 58 74 42 57 26 39
73 90 57 73 41 56 25 38
72 89 56 72 40 55 24 37
71 88 55 71 39 54 23 36
70 87 54 70 38 52 22 35
69 86 53 69 37 51 21 34
68 85 52 68 36 50
67 84 51 66 35 49

Running (2 Miles)

Time Score Time Score Time Score Time Score
12:54 16:24 66 19:54 29 23:24
13:00 16:30 65 20:00 28 23:30
13:06 16:36 64 20:06 26 23:36
13:12 16:42 63 20:12 25 23:42
13:18 100 16:48 62 20:18 24 23:48
13:24 99 16:54 61 20:24 23 23:54
13:30 98 17:00 60 20:30 22 24:00
13:36 97 17:06 59 20:36 21 24:06
13:42 96 17:12 58 20:42 20 24:12
13:48 95 17:18 57 20:48 19 24:18
13:54 94 17:24 56 20:54 18 24:24
14:00 92 17:30 55 21:00 17 24:30
14:06 91 17:36 54 21:06 16 24:36
14:12 90 17:42 52 21:12 15 24:42
14:18 89 17:48 51 21:18 14 24:48
14:24 88 17:54 50 21:24 12 24:54
14:30 87 18:00 49 21:30 11 25:00
14:36 86 18:06 48 21:36 10 25:06
14:42 85 18:12 47 21:42 9 25:12
14:48 84 18:18 46 21:48 8 25:18
14:54 83 18:24 45 21:54 7 25:24
15:00 82 18:30 44 22:00 6 25:30
15:06 81 18:36 43 22:06 5 25:36
15:12 79 18:42 42 22:12 4 25:42
15:18 78 18:48 41 22:18 3 25:48
15:24 77 18:54 39 22:24 2 25:54
15:30 76 19:00 38 22:30 1 26:00
15:36 75 19:06 37 22:36 0 26:06
15:42 74 19:12 36 22:42 26:12
15:48 73 19:18 35 22:48 26:18
15:54 72 19:24 34 22:54 26:24
16:00 71 19:30 33 23:00 26:30
16:06 70 19:36 32 23:06
16:12 69 19:42 31 23:12
16:18 68 19:48 30 23:18

Gender Neutral Tests

According to the U.S. Army, the new tests being developed will likely incorporate exercises that soldiers need on the battlefield, that revolve around gender-neutral and standards-based skills.

The Occupational Physical Assessment Test (OPAT) is gender-neutral test that includes a standing long jump, a dead lift, an aerobic interval run and a “seated power throw,” which is "a gauge of upper-body strength that represents loading ammunition," according to US Army Times.

Other details about the test, which is still being developed, include the following:

  • Scoring for each event has yet to  been determined, but unlike the APFT, plans call for one system for all ages and genders.
  • MOSs will be ranked in a three-tier system. Recruits with scores that fall short of Tier 1 (high-demand) in a given event, won’t be eligible for specialties in that tier.
  • Recruits must meet the Tier 3 standards to join the Army.
  • Re-tests will be allowed with time frames and limits to the number of tests to be determined.
  • Like the APFT, the OPAT can be administered individually or in a group setting. 

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