U.S. Army Physical Fitness Test Requirements

These physical fitness charts for Army recruits shows what's required.

U.S. Troops Train In South Korea
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The Army has created a new Army Combat Fitness Test that will replace the Army Physical Fitness Test and become the standard for soldiers going forward—so it's vitally important that you become familiar with it if you serve.

"Beginning October 2020, all Soldiers will be required to take the new gender- and age-neutral test," the Army says on its website. "Before that, field testing set to begin this October will allow the Army to refine the test, with initial plans for up to 40,000 Soldiers from all three components to see it."

As a result of the changes, there is no need for age groups or male and female standards.

The New Army Combat Fitness Test

​The Army Combat Fitness Test includes the following events:

  • Deadlift—This is a three-repetition maximum deadlift using a hex bar.  
  • Standing Power Throw—Throw a 10-pound medicine ball as far as possible over the head and to the rear. 
  • Hand-Raised Push-ups—You still have to do pushups, but now you also have to add a lift of your hands off the floor when in the down (chest to ground) position each repetition. 
  • A 250-Meter Sprint, Drag, and Carry—This is five different tests within one event: a 50-meter sprint; a backward 50-meter drag of a 90-pound sled; a 50-meter movement; a 50-meter carry of two 40-pound kettlebells; and a final 50-meter sprint.
  • Leg Tuck—This is a hanging knee up from a pull-up bar, bringing the knees to the elbows multiple times. 
  • Two-Mile Run—Soldiers still have to run 2 miles for their cardiovascular endurance test. 

Occupational Physical Assessment Test

After Basic Combat Training, the soldiers will be tasked to take the Occupational Physical Assessment Test, which will determine how physically demanding the job training (AIT) can be for the new soldier.

The OPAT measures muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, explosive power, and speed. The tests used to measure these elements of tactical fitness include:

Standing Long Jump—This is the standard broad jump with no running to build momentum.

Seated Power Throw—This test involves a forward throw with both arms while seated using a 4.4-pound (2 kilogram) medicine ball the size of a basketball. 

Strength Deadlift—The strength deadlift is the standard lift of weight (using a hex bar, not a barbell) from the floor to a standing position. You start at 120 pounds and build up to 220 pounds.

Interval Run (Beep Test)—This is a short distance interval run designed to assess aerobic capacity. The intervals are only 20 minutes apart and you start each 20-minute run on the sound of "beeps" at intervals that decrease with time. 

The Current Army Physical Fitness Test

Here you'll find the current Army Physical Fitness Test requirements and the male standard for ages 27-31. 

The U.S. Army measures physical aptitude through the Army Physical Fitness Test, or APFT, which requires soldiers to complete three events: 2 minutes of push-ups, 2 minutes of sit-ups, and a 2-mile run.

Scoring on the APFT is based on age category, gender, number of repetitions performed of the push-up and sit-up, and run time. The score for each event ranges from 0 to 100 points. Soldiers need to score at least a 60 to pass the test. APFT standards may be tougher for some special purpose units.

Scores of 270 or above on the APFT—with a minimum score of 90 in each event—earn soldiers the Physical Fitness badge.

However, critics say the test does not adequately measure strength and endurance. For this reason, the Army piloted the Army Physical Readiness Test (APRT) in 2011 on more than 10,000 soldiers but eventually decided to stick with the APFT test.

U.S. Physical Fitness Charts for Males Age 27-31

While the APFT test is still being used, the following charts show the number of repetitions and scores needed for men ages 27 to 31 to pass the test. Standards vary by age and gender, and the standards have been criticized due to the differences in passing scores for men and women.

Push-ups

Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score
77 100 57 79 37 58 17 37
76 99 56 78 36 57 16 36
75 98 55 77 35 56 15 35
74 97 54 76 34 55 14 34
73 96 53 75 33 54 13 33
72 95 52 74 32 53 12 32
71 94 51 73 31 52 11 31
70 93 50 72 30 50 10 29
69 92 49 71 29 49 9 28
68 91 48 69 28 48 8 27
67 89 47 68 27 47 7 26
66 88 46 67 26 46 6 25
65 87 45 66 25 45 5 24
64 86 44 65 24 44 4 23
63 85 43 64 23 43 3 22
62 84 42 63 22 42 2 21
61 83 41 62 21 41 1 20
60 82 40 61 20 40
59 81 39 60 19 39
58 80 38 59 18 38

Sit-ups

Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score Reps Score
82 100 66 83 50 65 34 48
81 99 65 82 49 64 33 47
80 98 64 81 48 63 32 46
79 97 63 79 47 62 31 45
78 96 62 78 46 61 30 44
77 95 61 77 45 60 29 43
76 94 60 76 44 59 28 42
75 92 59 75 43 58 27 41
74 91 58 74 42 57 26 39
73 90 57 73 41 56 25 38
72 89 56 72 40 55 24 37
71 88 55 71 39 54 23 36
70 87 54 70 38 52 22 35
69 86 53 69 37 51 21 34
68 85 52 68 36 50
67 84 51 66 35 49

Running (2 Miles)

Time Score Time Score Time Score Time Score
12:54 16:24 66 19:54 29 23:24
13:00 16:30 65 20:00 28 23:30
13:06 16:36 64 20:06 26 23:36
13:12 16:42 63 20:12 25 23:42
13:18 100 16:48 62 20:18 24 23:48
13:24 99 16:54 61 20:24 23 23:54
13:30 98 17:00 60 20:30 22 24:00
13:36 97 17:06 59 20:36 21 24:06
13:42 96 17:12 58 20:42 20 24:12
13:48 95 17:18 57 20:48 19 24:18
13:54 94 17:24 56 20:54 18 24:24
14:00 92 17:30 55 21:00 17 24:30
14:06 91 17:36 54 21:06 16 24:36
14:12 90 17:42 52 21:12 15 24:42
14:18 89 17:48 51 21:18 14 24:48
14:24 88 17:54 50 21:24 12 24:54
14:30 87 18:00 49 21:30 11 25:00
14:36 86 18:06 48 21:36 10 25:06
14:42 85 18:12 47 21:42 9 25:12
14:48 84 18:18 46 21:48 8 25:18
14:54 83 18:24 45 21:54 7 25:24
15:00 82 18:30 44 22:00 6 25:30
15:06 81 18:36 43 22:06 5 25:36
15:12 79 18:42 42 22:12 4 25:42
15:18 78 18:48 41 22:18 3 25:48
15:24 77 18:54 39 22:24 2 25:54
15:30 76 19:00 38 22:30 1 26:00
15:36 75 19:06 37 22:36 0 26:06
15:42 74 19:12 36 22:42 26:12
15:48 73 19:18 35 22:48 26:18
15:54 72 19:24 34 22:54 26:24
16:00 71 19:30 33 23:00 26:30
16:06 70 19:36 32 23:06
16:12 69 19:42 31 23:12
16:18 68 19:48 30 23:18

Gender Neutral Tests

The Army says that the new ACFT will incorporate exercises that soldiers need on the battlefield, which revolve around gender-neutral and standards-based skills.

The Occupational Physical Assessment Test (OPAT) is a gender-neutral test that includes a standing long jump, a deadlift, an aerobic interval run, and a "seated power throw"—a gauge of upper-body strength and specifically loading ammunition.

Other details about the test include the following:

  • Scoring for each event has yet to been determined, but unlike the APFT, plans call for one system for all ages and genders.
  • MOSs (Military Occupational Specialties) will be ranked in a three-tier system. Recruits with scores that fall short of Tier 1 (high-demand) in a given event won’t be eligible for specialties in that tier.
  • Recruits must meet the Tier 3 standards to join the Army.
  • Re-tests will be allowed with time frames and limits to the number of tests.
  • Like the physical fitness test, the OPAT can be administered individually or in a group setting.

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