U.S. Army Physical Fitness Requirements
Physical Fitness Charts for Males Age 27-31
The U.S. Army measures physical aptitude through the Army Physical Fitness Test, or APFT, which requires soldiers to complete three events: two minutes of push-ups, two minutes of sit-ups, and a two-mile run.
Scoring on the APFT is based on age category, gender, number of repetitions performed of the push-up and sit-up, and run time. The score for each event ranges from 0 to 100 points. Soldiers need to score at least a 60 to pass the test.
APFT standards may be tougher for some special purpose units.
Scores of 270 or above on the APFT -- with a minimum score of 90 in each event -- earn soldiers the Physical Fitness badge.
However, this test has been widely criticized for not adequately measuring strength and endurance. For this reason, in 2011 the Army piloted the Army Physical Readiness Test (APRT) on more than 10,000 soldiers, but eventually decided to stick with the APFT test.
U.S. Physical Fitness Charts for Males Age 27-31
While the APFT test is still being used, the following charts show the number of repetitions and scores needed for men ages 27 to 31 to pass the test. Standards vary by age and gender, and the standards have been criticized due to the differences in passing scores for men and women.
Running (2 Miles)
Gender Neutral Tests
While the U.S. Army is in the process of rolling out gender-neutral fitness tests, there is a plan in place to add women into previously closed military occupational specialties. But as it stands at the writing of this article, gender neutral tests still need Defense Department approval.
According to the U.S. Army, new tests being developed will likely incorporate exercises that soldiers will need on the battlefield, that will revolve around gender-neutral and standards-based skills.
The Occupational Physical Assessment Test (OPAT) is gender-neutral test that includes a standing long jump, a dead lift, an aerobic interval run and a “seated power throw,” which is "a gauge of upper-body strength that represents loading ammunition," according to US Army Times.
Other details about the test, which is still being developed, include the following:
- Scoring for each event has yet to been determined, but unlike the APFT, plans call for one system for all ages and genders.
- MOSs will be ranked in a three-tier system. Recruits with scores that fall short of Tier 1 (high-demand) in a given event, won’t be eligible for specialties in that tier.
- Recruits must meet the Tier 3 standards to join the Army.
- Re-tests will be allowed with time frames and limits to the number of tests to be determined.
- Like the APFT, the OPAT can be administered individually or in a group setting.
- Army Field Manuals
- Basic Training is Smarter, Not Softer
- The Rules of the Army Field Manual About Physical Training
- Recruiting School