Different Types of Commission Pay

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Some types of jobs, particularly those in sales and marketing, offer commission pay, either as the employee’s sole earnings o, in addition to a base salary. What is commission and how is it paid?

A commission is a sum of money that is paid to an employee upon completion of a task, usually the task of selling a certain amount of goods or services. It can be paid as a percentage of the sale or as a flat dollar amount based on sales volume.

Employers often use sales commissions as an incentive to increase worker productivity. When a commission is paid in addition to a salary, it may be included in the employee's paycheck or, paid on a separate schedule, usually bi-monthly or monthly.

Types of Commission

The basic kinds of commission paid to employees include the following:

Base salary plus commission. Preferred by many employees, this guarantees the employee a guaranteed base salary, plus a percentage of the sales that they make during a given period. The advantage for the employee is that they can rely on their base salary during leaner sales periods. There is always fluctuation in sales during the course of the year, regardless of the product or service.

The employer has the advantage of being able to set the base salary somewhat lower, given that the employee has the ability to earn more based on their performance and ability to sell.

In this type of structure, the percentage of the sales earned by commission will tend to be somewhat lower than that earned by employees working strictly on commission.

Straight commission. This means that the employee earns their entire salary based on a percentage of the sales they complete. This can be a very lucrative arrangement for highly talented and motivated salespeople.

The percentage they earn on each sale tends to be higher than if they are receiving a base salary, and in some cases will increase after they achieve a pre-determined goal.

Draw against commission. Some employees working on straight commission are able to draw against their commission, which means that at the beginning of a pay period, they are allotted a certain amount of money, called a pre-determined draw. Of course, they need to pay back the employer at the end of the pay period. In this situation, anything earned above the draw is the salary. This carries some risk to the employee because if they don’t have a successful period, they can end up owing the employer money.

Residual commission. Sometimes commissioned salespeople can earn a residual commission on their clients' goods and services for as long as the client continues to purchase from the company. This is common in insurance companies, where the salesperson would continue to receive a percentage of their clients' payments for as long as the client stays with the company. In the best case scenario, the salesperson might continue to receive a residual commission even after they move to another company.

How Much Commission Can You Earn?

The commission earned is often variable, regardless of whether the employee is paid a base salary or purely commission.

The rate or percentage of compensation may depend on the type of product or service sold. It may increase incrementally after reaching certain sales goals, either by a dollar or unit amount. When you are offered a job with commission pay, make sure that you understand fully all the variables that will affect your take-home income.  

Benefits of Commission-Based Compensation

Working for commission pay has many advantages for highly motivated and talented salespeople. However, remember that developing a clientele takes time. When you begin a new position, you will likely need a few months to really start earning your true potential. Make sure you have enough savings to be comfortable while making new contacts.

Even though many positions pay a base salary, the value of working for commission is that you are in control of what you earn.

Highly motivated salespeople will earn generous commissions, while their less ambitious counterparts will not.

Tips for Working in a Commission-Based Job

Successfully working in a commission position takes a unique set of abilities. If you are driven to succeed, continually push to achieve more, enjoy helping people, and have a thirst for knowledge and excellent communication skills, you have a good foundation to build the sales skills necessary for success as a commission employee.

You need to be willing to put in whatever time it takes to learn about your product, and your customers, to deliver the level of service required to excel in commission sales. 

The financial rewards can be great, but the most successful people working on commission are those who truly love their product or service, and are committed to sharing it with everyone they meet.