Customer Acquisition and How to Improve It
Methods and Strategies
Customer acquisition is the process of bringing new customers to your brand. This typically is done through marketing, and one of the goals is to maintain a consistent influx of new customers.
This process almost always has costs associated with it. While there are many different ways to acquire customers, some methods can be tracked more easily than others. Ultimately, you want to do the least amount of work and spend the least amount of money to get as many customers as possible into the fold.
Customer Acquisition Methods
All forms of advertising and marketing are designed to attract people to a product or service with the hope that they will eventually become brand loyalists. Above-the-line advertising, such as billboards, television and radio spots, posters, print advertisements, and cinema spots do a great job of getting a brand in front of millions of eyes, but they rarely close a sale or include methods to track customer conversion.
In through-the-line and below-the-line advertising, the process becomes much more scientific and informative. For instance, a direct mail pack that contains phone numbers or mailing addresses provides an advertising agency with data that can help them track:
- How many pieces were mailed out
- How many pieces were opened and responded to
- How many pieces resulted in a sale, or conversion
Customer acquisition has found a similar home in social media, with Facebook and Twitter in particular being proven resources for outreach. You can target customers and keep them informed of special offers or new product lines. You can make them feel valued, talk one-on-one with people, and share insights that build the brand.
Customer Acquisition Costs
The expense of bringing in customers is known as the customer acquisition cost (CAC). It's a simple calculation that divides marketing costs by the number of customers acquired. For example, if your company spends $5,000 on a marketing campaign that attracts 500 new customers, your CAC would be $10 ($5,000 divided by 500).
The calculation, however, typically gets much more complex. For example, to calculate marketing costs, you also have to calculate everything that goes into marketing, from the actual expense of specific campaigns to the overhead costs associated with maintaining a marketing department. Your CAC can be measured by campaign, by quarter, annually, or however benefits your business.
The biggest reason this number is important is so that you can determine how much value each new customer needs to bring. For example, if you're selling widgets that result in a pre-CAC profit of $9 for each sale, then your CAC of $10 clearly is too high; it's costing you $10 to acquire each customer but it results in a return of only $9. The goal obviously is to acquire customers who will spend enough to more than offset the cost of acquiring them.
A Social Media Example
If you want to increase your following on your Facebook page, you might coordinate a simple giveaway that requires entrants to bring your brand to the attention of people who do not already follow you.
Start by deciding what to give away. For the purpose of this example, consider a pair of widgets, each with a value of $20. Then create a Facebook post promoting the "free pair of widgets to one lucky winner." Include a picture of the widgets in a creative and appealing fashion and write the posting in a way that should intrigue those who see it. Explain that entering the contest is as simple as tagging a friend in the comments section for the posting—and the friend must not already be a follower of your business's Facebook page.
Spend another $20 to promote the post on Facebook, then hold your online drawing on a specified date a week or so after the post was created.
With this kind of campaign, you're spending only $60 (two widgets at $20 apiece and another $20 to promote the Facebook post) and the time it took to create the post. In return, you have the potential to grow your online following and perhaps add more paying customers.
Social media campaigns are among the easiest to track because you can see just how many people are viewing your post, how many are clicking through, commenting on it, tagging friends, and so on. In the example of the free widget giveaway, you can track exactly how many potential new followers were tagged, how many of them liked your page, and how many of them made an online purchase. If just four new followers are impressed enough with your business to buy a widget, your sales have exceeded the cost of your campaign, and you hopefully have acquired a handful of loyal customers who will spend more money in the future.
This example obviously is most applicable to a small business on a small scale, but large campaigns work much the same way.
Improving Customer Acquisition
One of the keys to acquiring new customers is seeking them out where you've not previously looked. In other words, diversify your marketing strategy. If you've been relying only on print or television advertising, it's likely time to shift more resources to online strategies or to radio. With a shift in your strategy, you'll be getting your message out to an entirely new group of people.
Building brand loyalty is also important. Acquiring customers is a good first step, but those customers will be most valuable if they come back again and again. Hopefully, they'll even tell their friends, helping you to acquire new customers through word of mouth, which can even be part of your strategy. By marketing your products heavily to opinion leaders in your community, you can more rapidly build a loyal following that can grow through referrals from trustworthy sources.
Another way to build brand loyalty is to be visible in your community. Put together a calendar of local events and highlight those most likely to attract your target market. For example, if you are selling a product or service that would benefit parents of school-age children, target events geared toward youngsters that age. Look into sponsorship or partnership opportunities. If vendors are allowed at some events, inquire about getting a table. The more you make your presence a regular part of community events, the more likely people are to become familiar with your name and your product and want to try it out.