What Does a Wildlife Technician Do?

Learn About the Salary, Required Skills, & More

••• David & Micha Sheldon/F1 Online/Getty Images

Wildlife technicians assist biologists and game officers with wildlife management and research. They can work in many environments, but they most frequently work in wildlife management areas, fisheries, hatcheries, and other related locations. Most are employed by state departments of fish and wildlife.

Most states offer multiple levels of wildlife technician positions, with duties and compensation increasing as techs advance up the scale. Supervisory and managerial roles are possible after progressing through various levels of field work.

Technicians can also transition into other related roles such as wildlife inspector.

Wildlife Technician Duties & Responsibilities

Wildlife technicians assist with the management of wildlife species and the preservation of habitats. This job generally requires the ability to do the following work:

  • Assist with the research projects designed by wildlife biologists.
  • Collect biological specimens.
  • Survey animal populations.
  • Compile data for evaluation.
  • Maintain and calibrate scientific equipment.
  • Write detailed reports.
  • Help with trapping and tagging animals to monitor their movements within a designated area.
  • Provide care for animals that have been captured for observation in a laboratory setting.

Additional duties of a wildlife technician can involve preserving animal habitats, maintaining roads and trails to keep the wildlife areas accessible, interacting with hunters or others who use public lands, and supervising volunteers or interns. Maintenance of vehicles, fences, and tools can also be a part of the job.

Wildlife Technician Salary

As with most positions, salary is commensurate with a candidate’s qualifications. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics classifies wildlife technicians as biological technicians and cites the following median salaries:

  • Median Annual Salary: $44,500 ($21.39/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $71,440 ($34.35/hour)
  • Bottom 10% Annual Salary: $29,330 ($14.10/hour)

Some positions offer free housing to technicians as a part of their compensation packages. A vehicle might also be available for a tech’s use during the work day. Additional perks on top of basic salary can include paid vacation days, retirement plan options, and health insurance.

Education, Training & Certification

Those looking for a career as wildlife technician should have some level of college education.

  • Education: An associate degree is the minimum educational requirement. Bachelor’s degrees are preferred and give a candidate the best chance at finding a desirable position. A few positions might be available for those with high school diplomas or GED equivalents, but a degree in wildlife biology, ecology, zoology, animal science, or a closely related field is preferable.
  • Internship: Completing a wildlife internship can also help give candidates practical skills that will help position them for careers in this field. A wide variety of opportunities are available in wildlife rehabilitation, zoology, and marine science.
  • Certification: Certification isn't required for wildlife technicians, but a certification program is offered by The Wildlife Society does offer certification programs. Certified Wildlife Technicians (CWT) must meet both educational and experiential requirements. Associate Wildlife Technicians (AWT) must meet educational requirements, but they might still be working on obtaining the necessary practical experience.
  • Continuing Education: Eighty continuing education hours must be completed each five-year period to maintain a technician’s certification.

    Wildlife Technician Skills & Competencies

    You should have several essential qualities to succeed at becoming a wildlife technician:

    • Technical skills: This occupation requires operating technologically advanced equipment and instruments.
    • Communication skills: You must be able to accurately understand both written and oral communications from scientists, as well as convey your own findings.
    • Observational skills: You should be able to maintain accurate logs of your work without overlooking any details.
    • Critical-thinking skills: Wildlife technicians must be able to accurately deduce the importance of various testing results.
    • Computer skills: A good working knowledge of computer-based technology, will also prove useful to candidates seeking this career path.

      Job Outlook

      The U.S. Bureau of Labor statistics anticipates job growth for biological technicians in general in the area of 10% through 2026. This is above average for all occupations.

      Interest in wildlife careers is quite high despite the relatively low starting salary for entry level positions. Employers generally receive many applications for open positions in this field. Those with a degree in an applicable field combined with practical hands-on experience will enjoy the best prospects for finding a position as a wildlife technician.

      Work Environment

      Wildlife technicians often have to travel to meet their responsibilities. They might be required to walk long distances, ride horses, bike, or navigate boats. Technicians tend to spend a significant amount of time working outdoors in varying temperatures and weather conditions.

      Work Schedule

      This is typically a full-time job and it conforms to normal business hours, but it's not uncommon for technicians work some nights, weekends, and holidays. It can depend on the specific needs of their departments.

      How to Get the Job


      EnvironmentalScience.org offers a comprehensive search tool to narrow your options to find the best fit for you.


      GlassDoor provides some interview tips specifically designed for wildlife technician positions.

      Comparing Similar Jobs

      Some similar jobs and their median annual pay include: